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MorphoMuseuM Volume 03, Issue 02: 2017
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Original article : anatomy atlas

3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia).
Daisuke Koyabu
Keywords: aquatic adaptation; convergence; Eulipotyphla; fossorial adaptation; hearing

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e3

Cite this article: Koyabu D., 2017. 3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia). MorphoMuseuM 3 (2)-e3. doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e3

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Considerable morphological variations are found in the middle ear among mammals. Here I present a three-dimensional atlas of the middle ear ossicles of eulipotyphlan mammals. This group has radiated into various environments as terrestrial, aquatic, and subterranean habitats independently in multiple lineages. Therefore, eulipotyphlans are an ideal group to explore the form-function relationship of the middle ear ossicles. This comparative atlas of hedgehogs, true shrews, water shrews, mole shrews, true moles, and shrew moles encourages future studies of the middle ear morphology of this diverse group.

Specimens and 3D Data

Erinaceus europaeus DK2331 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.151

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#151_DK2331. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.151


Download 3D data

Anourosorex yamashinai SIK_yamashinai View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.152

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#152_SIK_yamashinai. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.152


Download 3D data

Blarina brevicauda M8003 View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.153

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#153_M8003. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.153


Download 3D data

Chimarrogale platycephala DK5481 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.162

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#162_DK5481. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.162


Download 3D data

Suncus murinus DK1227 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.155

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#155_DK1227. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.155


Download 3D data

Condylura cristata SIK0050 View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.156

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#156_SIK0050. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.156


Download 3D data

Euroscaptor klossi SIK0673 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.163

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#163_SIK0673. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.163


Download 3D data

Euroscaptor malayana SIK_malayana View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.164

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#164_SIK_malayana. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.164


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Mogera wogura DK2551 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.159

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#159_DK2551. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.159


Download 3D data

Talpa altaica SIK_altaica View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.161

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#161_SIK_altaica. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.161


Download 3D data

Urotrichus talpoides DK0887 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.165

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#165_DK0887. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.165


Download 3D data

Oreoscaptor mizura DK6545 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.166

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#166_DK6545. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.166


Download 3D data

Scalopus aquaticus SIK_aquaticus View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.167

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#167_SIK_aquaticus. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.167


Download 3D data

Scapanus orarius SIK_orarius View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.168

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#168_SIK_orarius. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.168


Download 3D data

Neurotrichus gibbsii SIK_gibbsii View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.169

Data citation: Koyabu D., 2017. M3#169_SIK_gibbsii. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.169


Download 3D data


Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)


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