Current issue


September 2017
Volume 03, Issue 01
<< prev. next >>
ISSN: 2274-0422
Article Management

You must log in to submit or manage articles.

You do not have an account yet ? Sign up.



Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, ISE-MeshTools, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Original articles in press

MicroCT survey of larval skeletal mineralization in the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus (Actinopterygii; Lepisosteiformes)
Raphaël Scherrer, Andrés Hurtado, Erik Garcia Machado and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Actinopterygii; development; Lepisosteiformes; mineralization; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e3

Abstract

Using X-ray microtomography, we describe the ossification events during the larval development of a non-teleost actinopterygian species: the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus from the order Lepisosteiformes. We provide a detailed developmental series for each anatomical structure, covering a large sequence of mineralization events going from an early stage (13 days post-hatching, 21mm total length) to an almost fully ossified larval stage (118dph or 87mm in standard length). With this work, we expect to bring new developmental data to be used in further comparative studies with other lineages of bony vertebrates. We also hope that the on-line publication of these twelve successive 3D reconstructions, fully labelled and flagged, will be an educational tool for all students in comparative anatomy. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia).
Daisuke Koyabu
Keywords: aquatic adaptation; convergence; Eulipotyphla; fossorial adaptation; hearing

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e3

Abstract

Considerable morphological variations are found in the middle ear among mammals. Here I present a three-dimensional atlas of the middle ear ossicles of eulipotyphlan mammals. This group has radiated into various environments as terrestrial, aquatic, and subterranean habitats independently in multiple lineages. Therefore, eulipotyphlans are an ideal group to explore the form-function relationship of the middle ear ossicles. This comparative atlas of hedgehogs, true shrews, water shrews, mole shrews, true moles, and shrew moles encourages future studies of the middle ear morphology of this diverse group.
  

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF

Datasets in press

Supplemental information for "Sensory anatomy of the most aquatic of carnivorans: the Antarctic Ross seal, and convergences with other mammals".
Ashley E. Latimer, Cleopatra M. Loza, Marcelo Sánchez-Villagra and Alfredo A. Carlini
Keywords: aquatic; inner ear; Ommatophoca rossi; Phoca; semicircular canals

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e7

  Abstract

    Here, the semicircular canals of the most aquatic seal, the rare Antarctic Ross Seal (Ommatophoca rossii), are presented for the first time, along with representatives of every species in the Lobodontini: the leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii), and crabeater seal (Lobodon carcinophagus). Because encounters with wild Ross seal are rare, and few specimens are available in collections worldwide, this dataset increases accessibility to a rare species. For further comparison, we present the bony labyrinths of other carnivorans, the elephant seal (Mirounga leonina), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), South American sea lion (Otaria byronia). 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: The first French tragulid skull (Mammalia, Ruminantia, Tragulidae) and associated tragulid remains from the Middle Miocene of Contres (Loir-et-Cher, France)
Bastien Mennecart, Adrien de Perthuis and Loïc Costeur
Keywords: comparative anatomy; CT-scan; ear region; MN5; systematics

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Mennecart B., de Perthuis Ad., Rössner G.E., Guzmán J.A., de Perthuis Au., Costeur L. The first French tragulid skull (Mammalia, Ruminantia, Tragulidae) and associated tragulid remains from the Middle Miocene of Contres (Loir-et-Cher, France). Comptes Rendus Palévol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2017.08.004 

  Specimens

    Dorcatherium crassum NMB Fa.213.abg View specimen

    M3#181_NMB Fa.213

    The 3D surface files of the specimen NMB Fa.213 are the reconstructions of the main skull fragments, the right petrosal bone, and the left bony labyrinth.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.181  




    Download 3D data


 
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models of three wolf pup skulls related to the publication: Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication
 
Dominic Gascho, Sabrina Beutler, Cornelia Mainini and Madeleine Geiger
Keywords: Canidae; Canis lupus; Carnivora

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e6

  Abstract

    This contribution comprises the 3D models of three wolf pup skulls, which were used for the publication by Geiger et al. 2017 on Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Infrasonic and ultrasonic hearing evolved after the emergence of modern whales
Maëva Orliac and Mickaël Mourlam
Keywords: archaeocete; Artiodactyla; bony labyrinth; cochlea; Lutetian

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the bony labyrinths of two protocetid archaeocetes from the locality of Kpogamé, Togo, described and figured in the publication of Mourlam and Orliac (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.061  

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D model related to the publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria)
Rodolphe Tabuce
Keywords: Herodotiinae; Macroscelidea; Maxilla

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model of the holotype of Chambius kasserinensis, the basalmost ‘elephant-shrew’ figured in the following publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria). https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1297433 

  Specimens

    Chambius kasserinensis CBI-1-06 View specimen

    M3#146_CBI-1-06

    3D model of the holotype maxilla of Chambius kasserinensis. The 3D surface was extracted manually from the limestone matrix within AVIZO 9.2

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.146  




    Download 3D data


 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D model related to the publication: Marine Early Triassic Actinopterygii from Elko County (Nevada, USA): implications for the Smithian equatorial vertebrate eclipse
Carlo Romano, James F. Jenks, Romain Jattiot, Torsten M. Scheyer, Kevin G. Bylund and Hugo Bucher
Keywords: Actinopterygii; Early Triassic; Nevada; Osteichthyes; Smithian

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e1

  Abstract

    The presented dataset contains the 3D surface scan of the holotype of Birgeria americana, a partial skull described and depicted in: Romano, C., Jenks, J.F., Jattiot, R., Scheyer, T.M., Bylund, K.G. & Bucher, H. 2017. Marine Early Triassic Actinopterygii from Elko County (Nevada, USA): implications for the Smithian equatorial vertebrate eclipse. Journal of Paleontology. https://doi.org/10.1017/jpa.2017.36

  Specimens

    Birgeria americana NMMNH P-66225 View specimen

    M3#175_NMMNH P-66225

    NMMNH P-66225 is from upper lower Smithian to lower upper Smithian beds (Thaynes Group). The collecting site is located about 2.75 km south-southeast of the Winecup Ranch, east-central Elko County, Nevada, USA. P-66225 is a partial skull preserved within a large limestone nodule, with its right side exposed. It preserves the portion between the cleithrum posteriorly, and the level of the hind margin of the orbital opening anteriorly. The fossil has a length of 26 cm.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.175  




    Download 3D data


 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D model and accompanying dataset related to the publication: A new, exceptionally preserved juvenile specimen of Eusaurosphargis dalsassoi (Diapsida) and implications for Mesozoic marine diapsid phylogeny
Torsten M. Scheyer, James, M. Neenan, Timea Bodogan, Heinz Furrer, Christian Obrist and Mathieu Plamondon
Keywords: Ladinian; marine reptiles; osteology; postcranium; Prosanto Formation; Switzerland

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e2

  Abstract

    The present contribution contains the 3D model and dataset analyzed in the following publication: Scheyer, T. M., J. M. Neenan, T. Bodogan, H. Furrer, C. Obrist, and M. Plamondon. 2017. A new, exceptionally preserved juvenile specimen of Eusaurosphargis dalsassoi (Diapsida) and implications for Mesozoic marine diapsid phylogeny. Scientific Reports, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04514-x

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Size Variation under Domestication: Conservatism in the inner ear shape of wolves, dogs and dingoes
Anita . Schweizer, Renaud Lebrun, Laura A. B. Wilson, Loïc Costeur, Thomas Schmelzle and Marcelo Sánchez-Villagra
Keywords: cochlea; feralisation; petrosal; semicircular canal; zooarchaeology

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e1

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the following publication: Size variation under domestication: Conservatism in the inner ear shape of wolves, dogs and dingoes. Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 13330, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13523-9.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe
Manuela Aiglstorfer, Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart and Elmar P. Heizmann
Keywords: inner ear; Miocene; Moschidae; petrosal; skull

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e4

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype (NMB Sth. 833) of the new species Micromeryx? eiselei analysed in the article Aiglstorfer, M., Costeur, L., Mennecart, B., Heizmann, E.P.J.. 2017. Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe. PlosOne https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185679 

  Specimens

    Micromeryx? eiselei NMB Sth. 833 View specimen

    M3#284_NMB Sth. 833

    The 3 D surfaces comprises the skull, petrosal, and bony labyrinth of NMB Sth.833, the holotype of Micromeryx? eiselei

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.284  




    Download 3D data


 
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Evolution of the sauropterygian labyrinth with increasingly pelagic lifestyles
James, M. Neenan, Tobias Reich, Serjoscha Evers, Patrick Druckenmiller, Dennis Voeten, Jonah Choiniere, Paul Barrett, Stephanie Pierce and Roger Benson
Keywords: ecomorphology; endosseous labyrinth; geometric morphometrics; palaeoecology; semicircular canals

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.62

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in "Neenan, J. M., Reich, T., Evers, S., Druckenmiller, P. S., Voeten, D. F. A. E., Choiniere, J. N., Barrett, P. M., Pierce, S. E. and Benson, R. B. J. Evolution of the sauropterygian labyrinth with increasingly pelagic lifestyles. Current Biology, 27." https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.10.069 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF

Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: Neotropics provide insights into the emergence of New World monkeys: new dental evidence from the late Oligocene of Peruvian Amazonia
Laurent Marivaux, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi and Pierre-Olivier Antoine
Keywords: Homunculidae; Paleogene; Peru; Soriacebinae; South America

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the isolated teeth of Canaanimico amazonensis, a new stem platyrrhine primate, described and figured in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2016), Neotropics provide insights into the emergence of New World monkeys: new dental evidence from the late Oligocene of Peruvian Amazonia. Journal of Human Evolution. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.05.011
      

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
S.I. Data
3D models related to the publication: Protocetid (Cetacea, Artiodactyla) bullae and petrosals from the Middle Eocene locality of Kpogamé, Togo: new insights into the early history of cetacean hearing
Mickaël Mourlam and Maëva Orliac
Keywords: archaeocete; auditory region; Lutetian; petrotympanic complex

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e2

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Mourlam, M., Orliac, M. J. (2017), Protocetid (Cetacea, Artiodactyla) bullae and petrosals from the Middle Eocene locality of Kpogamé, Togo: new insights into the early history of cetacean hearing. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2017.1328378
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: The petrosal and bony labyrinth of Diplobune minor, an enigmatic Artiodactyla from the Oligocene of Western Europe
Maëva Orliac, Ricardo Araújo and Fabrice Lihoreau
Keywords: Anoplotheriidae; bony labyrinth; Quercy Phosphorites

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the publication entitled "The petrosal and bony labyrinth of Diplobune minor, an enigmatic Artiodactyla from the Oligocene of Western Europe" by Orliac, Araújo, and Lihoreau published in Journal of Morphology (Orliac et al. 2017) https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20702.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
S.I. Data
3D models related to the publication: Dental remains of cebid platyrrhines from the earliest late Miocene of Western Amazonia, Peru: macroevolutionary implications on the extant capuchin and marmoset lineages
Laurent Marivaux, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi and Pierre-Olivier Antoine
Keywords: Callitrichinae; Cebinae; Neogene; Primates; South America

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the isolated teeth attributed to stem representatives of the Cebuella and Cebus lineages (Cebuella sp. and Cebus sp.), described and figured in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2016), Dental remains of cebid platyrrhines from the earliest late Miocene of Western Amazonia, Peru: macroevolutionary implications on the extant capuchin and marmoset lineages. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23052 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
S.I. Data