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January 2017
Volume 02, Issue 02
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, ISE-MeshTools, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Original articles in press

MicroCT survey of larval skeletal mineralization in the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus (Actinopterygii; Lepisosteiformes)
Raphaël Scherrer, Andrés Hurtado, Erik Garcia Machado and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Actinopterygii; development; Lepisosteiformes; mineralization; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e3

Abstract

Using X-ray microtomography, we describe the ossification events during the larval development of a non-teleost actinopterygian species: the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus from the order Lepisosteiformes. We provide a detailed developmental series for each anatomical structure, covering a large sequence of mineralization events going from an early stage (13 days post-hatching, 21mm total length) to an almost fully ossified larval stage (118dph or 87mm in standard length). With this work, we expect to bring new developmental data to be used in further comparative studies with other lineages of bony vertebrates. We also hope that the on-line publication of these twelve successive 3D reconstructions, fully labelled and flagged, will be an educational tool for all students in comparative anatomy. 

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3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia).
Daisuke Koyabu
Keywords: aquatic adaptation; convergence; Eulipotyphla; fossorial adaptation; hearing

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e3

Abstract

Considerable morphological variations are found in the middle ear among mammals. Here I present a three-dimensional atlas of the middle ear ossicles of eulipotyphlan mammals. This group has radiated into various environments as terrestrial, aquatic, and subterranean habitats independently in multiple lineages. Therefore, eulipotyphlans are an ideal group to explore the form-function relationship of the middle ear ossicles. This comparative atlas of hedgehogs, true shrews, water shrews, mole shrews, true moles, and shrew moles encourages future studies of the middle ear morphology of this diverse group.
  

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Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: The petrosal and bony labyrinth of Diplobune minor, an enigmatic Artiodactyla from the Oligocene of Western Europe
Maëva Orliac, Ricardo Araújo and Fabrice Lihoreau
Keywords: Anoplotheriidae; bony labyrinth; Quercy Phosphorites

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the publication entitled "The petrosal and bony labyrinth of Diplobune minor, an enigmatic Artiodactyla from the Oligocene of Western Europe" by Orliac, Araújo, and Lihoreau published in Journal of Morphology (Orliac et al. 2017) https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20702.
      

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S.I. Data
3D model related to the publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria)
Rodolphe Tabuce
Keywords: Herodotiinae; Macroscelidea; Maxilla

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model of the holotype of Chambius kasserinensis, the basalmost ‘elephant-shrew’ figured in the following publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria). https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1297433 

  Specimens

    Chambius kasserinensis CBI-1-06 View specimen

    M3#146_CBI-1-06

    3D model of the holotype maxilla of Chambius kasserinensis. The 3D surface was extracted manually from the limestone matrix within AVIZO 9.2

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.146  




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Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: The hidden teeth of sloths: evolutionary vestiges and the development of a simplified dentition.
Lionel Hautier, Helder Gomes Rodrigues, Guillaume Billet and Robert J. Asher
Keywords: homology; ontogeny; sloths; vestigial teeth

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication:  Hautier L., Gomes Rodrigues H., Billet G., Asher R.J., 2016. The hidden teeth of sloths: evolutionary vestiges and the development of a simplified dentition. Scientific Reports. doi: 10.1038/srep27763 

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3D model related to the publication: An enigmatic aquatic snake from the Cenomanian of northern South America
Adriana Albino, Jorge Carrillo-Briceño and James, M. Neenan
Keywords: aquatic; Cretaceous; Snake; South America; vertebrae

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e2

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Albino, A., Carrillo-Briceño, J. D. & Neenan, J. M. 2016. An enigmatic aquatic snake from the Cenomanian of northern South America. PeerJ 4:e2027 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2027 

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3D models related to the publication: Prenatal growth stages show the development of the ruminant bony labyrinth and petrosal bone.
Loïc Costeur and Bastien Mennecart
Keywords: bony labyrinth; foetus; ossification timing; phylogeny; Ruminantia

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e3

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Costeur L., Mennecart B., Müller B., Schulz G., 2016. Prenatal growth stages show the development of the ruminant bony labyrinth and petrosal bone. Journal of Anatomy. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12549 

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3D data and models related to the publication: An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation.
Anna-Katharina Mautner , Ashley E. Latimer, Uwe Fritz and Torsten M. Scheyer
Keywords: brain endocast; chelonian shell; micro computed tomography; morphology; variability

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e4

  Abstract

    The present publication contains the µCT dataset and the 3D models analyzed in the following publication: Mautner, A.-K., A. E. Latimer, U. Fritz, and T. M. Scheyer. An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation. Journal of Morphology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20640 

  Specimens

    Malacochersus tornieri ZM 100.102 View specimen

    M3#129_ZM 100.102

    Virtual brain and inner ear endocast of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102; Zoological Museum of The University of Zurich). This virtual model is accompanied by the 3D dataset. Blue, endocranium; red, blood vessels; purple, semicircular canals; yellow, cranial nerves.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.129  




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    M3#130_ZM 100.102

    3D dataset of skull of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102)

    Type: "3D_CT"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.130  




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