Current issue

Volume 09, issue 04
<< prev. next >>
ISSN: 2274-0422

Article Management

You must log in to submit or manage articles.

You do not have an account yet ? Sign up.

Articles using keyword "birds"

Page 1 of 1, showing 1 record(s) out of 1 total

A 3D geometric morphometric dataset quantifying skeletal variation in birds
Alexander Bjarnason Logo and Roger Benson Logo
Published online: 09/02/2021

Keywords: birds; geometric morphometrics; macroevolution; Morphology; skeleton


    Macroevolution is integral to understanding the patterns of the diversification of life. As the life sciences increasingly use big data approaches, large multivariate datasets are required to test fundamental macroevolutionary hypotheses. In vertebrate evolution, large datasets have been created to quantify morphological variation, largely focusing on particular areas of the skeleton. We provide a landmarking protocol to quantify morphological variation in skeletal elements across the head, trunk, hindlimb and forelimb using 3-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks, and present a large pan-skeletal database of bird morphology for 149 taxa across avian phylogeny using CT scan data. This large collection of 3D models and geometric morphometric data is open access and can be used in the future for new research, teaching and outreach. The 3D models and CT scans of the 149 specimens related to this project can be downloaded at MorphoSource (

  M3 article infos

Published in Volume 07, issue 01 (2021)

S.I. Data

Page 1 of 1, showing 1 record(s) out of 1 total