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A 3D geometric morphometric dataset quantifying skeletal variation in birds
Alexander Bjarnason and Roger Benson
Published online: 2021-02-09

Keywords: birds; geometric morphometrics; macroevolution; morphology; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.125

  Abstract

    Macroevolution is integral to understanding the patterns of the diversification of life. As the life sciences increasingly use big data approaches, large multivariate datasets are required to test fundamental macroevolutionary hypotheses. In vertebrate evolution, large datasets have been created to quantify morphological variation, largely focusing on particular areas of the skeleton. We provide a landmarking protocol to quantify morphological variation in skeletal elements across the head, trunk, hindlimb and forelimb using 3-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks, and present a large pan-skeletal database of bird morphology for 149 taxa across avian phylogeny using CT scan data. This large collection of 3D models and geometric morphometric data is open access and can be used in the future for new research, teaching and outreach. The 3D models and CT scans of the 149 specimens related to this project can be downloaded at MorphoSource (https://www.morphosource.org/projects/00000C420

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Published in Volume 07, issue 01 (2021)

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S.I. Data
Holotype specimen of Donrussellia magna, an adapiform primate from the early Eocene (MP7) of Southern France
Anusha Ramdarshan, Marc Godinot, Samuel Bédécarrats and Rodolphe Tabuce
Published online: 2015-06-18

Keywords: Adapiformes; Early Eocene; Holotype; Primates; Southern France

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.2.e2

  Abstract

    This project presents a µCT dataset and an associated 3D surface model of the holotype of Donrussellia magna (UM PAT 17; Primates, Adapiformes). UM PAT17 is the only known specimen for the species and consists of a well-preserved left lower jaw with p4-m3. It documents one of the oldest European primates, eventually dated near the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum. 

  Specimens

    Donrussellia magna UM PAT 17 View specimen

    M3#17_UM PAT 17

    3D surface file model of UM PAT 17 (type specimen of Donrussellia magna), which is a well preserved left lower jaw with p4-m3. The teeth (and roots) were manually segmented.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf17  




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    M3#18_UM PAT 17

    CT Scan Data of Donrussellia magna UM PAT 17. Voxel size (in µm): 36µm (isotropic voxels). Dimensions in x,y,z : 594 pixels, 294 pixels, 1038 pixels. Image type : 8-bit voxels. Image format : raw data format (no header).

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf18  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 02 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck
Marilena A. Müller, Luisa Merten, Christine Böhmer and John A. Nyakatura
Published online: 2021-01-12

Keywords: cetartiodactyla; Comparative anatomy; neck; Vertebrae; vertebral column

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.129

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models analyzed in Müller et al. (2021) “Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck”. 

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Published in Volume 07, issue 01 (2021)

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3D cranium models of fossils of large canids (Canis lupus) from Goyet, Trou des Nutons and Trou Balleux, Belgium
Allowen Evin, Emmanuel Gilissen and Mietje Germonpré
Published online: 2015-11-06

Keywords: Archaeozoology; Dog; Domestication; Pleistocene; Wolf

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e2

  Abstract

    Archaeozoological studies are increasingly using new methods and approaches to explore questions about domestication. Here, we provide 3D models of three archaeological Canis lupus skulls from Belgium originating from the sites of Goyet (31,680±250BP; 31,890+240/-220BP), Trou des Nutons (21,810±90BP) and Trou Balleux (postglacial). Since their identification as either wolves or early dogs is still debated, we present these models as additional tools for further investigating their evolutionary history and the history of dog domestication. 

  Specimens

    Canis lupus Goyet 2860 View specimen

    M3#21_Goyet 2860

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Goyet 2860" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf21  




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    Canis lupus Trou Balleux no-nr View specimen

    M3#22_Trou Balleux no-nr

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou Balleux no-nr" from the University of Liège, Belgium

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf22  




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    Canis lupus Trou des Nutons 2559-1 View specimen

    M3#23_Trou des Nutons 2559-1

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou des Nutons 2559-1" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf23  




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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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A photorealistic collection of Homo sapiens crania for research and dissemination
Paolo Lussu and Elisabetta Marini
Published online: 2020-04-08

Keywords: distance learning; Photogrammetry; teaching; validation

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.112

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publications:
    - Marini E., Lussu P., 2020. A virtual physical anthropology lab. Teaching in the time of coronavirus, in prep.;
    - Lussu P., Bratzu D., Marini E., 2020. Cloud-based ultra close-range digital photogrammetry: validation of an approach for the effective virtual reconstruction of skeletal remains, in prep. 

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Published in Volume 06, issue 02 (2020)

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Neurocranium and endocranial anatomy of a new large Triassic dapediid.
Ashley E. Latimer and Sam Giles
Published online: 2018-08-23

Keywords: dapedium; Neopterygian; neurocranium; Triassic

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.44

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: "a giant dapediid from the Late Triassic of Switzerland and insights into neopterygian phylogeny", Royal Society Open Science, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180497 

  Specimens

    Scopulipiscis saxciput PIMUZ A/I 3026 View specimen

    M3#177_PIMUZ A/I 3026

    3D surfaces of the skull and endocranial spaces inside neurocranium, including the aortic canal, braincase, fossa bridgei, lateral cranial canal, nerves and other passageways, notochord, posterior myodome, and right semicircular canals.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.177  




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    M3#178_PIMUZ A/I 3026

    Scan of the neurocranium of PIMUZ A/I 3026

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.178  




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Published in Volume 04, issue 02 (2018)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphogenesis of the liver during the human embryonic period
Ayumi Hirose, Takashi Nakashima, Naoto Shiraki, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Katsumi Kose and Tetsuya Takakuwa
Published online: 2016-03-17

Keywords: human embryo; human liver; magnetic resonance imaging; three-dimensional reconstruction

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.4.e1

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: Hirose, A., Nakashima, T., Yamada, S., Uwabe, C., Kose, K., Takakuwa, T. 2012. Embryonic liver morphology and morphometry by magnetic resonance microscopic imaging.  Anat Rec (Hoboken) 295, 51-59. doi: 10.1002/ar.21496 

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 04 (2016)

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3D models related to the publication: A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region.
Bastien Mennecart and Loïc Costeur
Published online: 2016-10-01

Keywords: Inner ear; Miocene; phylogeny; ruminant

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.1.e2

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the article Mennecart, B., and L. Costeur. 2016. A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, Middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(6), 1211665(1)-1211665(7). DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2016.1211665

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 01 (2016)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphogenesis of the stomach during the human embryonic period
Ami Nako, Norihito Kaigai, Naoto Shiraki, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Katsumi Kose and Tetsuya Takakuwa
Published online: 2015-11-16

Keywords: human embryo; human stomach; magnetic resonance imaging; three-dimensional reconstruction

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.4.e3

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: Kaigai N et al. Morphogenesis and three-dimensional movement of the stomach during the human embryonic period, Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2014 May;297(5):791-797. doi: 10.1002/ar.22833. 

  Specimens

    Homo sapiens KC-CS16STM27159 View specimen

    M3#56_KC-CS16STM27159

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#56_KC-CS16STM27159) at Carnegie Stage 16 (Crown Rump Length= 9.9mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf56  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS17STM20383 View specimen

    M3#57_KC-CS17STM20383

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#57_KC-CS17STM20383) at Carnegie Stage 17 (Crown Rump Length= 12.3mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf57  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS18STM21807 View specimen

    M3#58_KC-CS18STM21807

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#58_KC-CS18STM21807) at Carnegie Stage 18 (Crown Rump Length= 14.7mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf58  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS19STM17998 View specimen

    M3#59_KC-CS19STM17998

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#59_KC-CS19STM17998) at Carnegie Stage 19 (Crown Rump Length was unmeasured ).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf59  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS20STM20785 View specimen

    M3#60_KC-CS20STM20785

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#60_KC-CS20STM20785) at Carnegie Stage 20 (Crown Rump Length= 18.7 mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf60  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS21STM24728 View specimen

    M3#61_KC-CS21STM24728

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#61_KC-CS21STM24728) at Carnegie Stage 21 (Crown Rump Length= 20.9 mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf61  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS22STM26438 View specimen

    M3#62_KC-CS22STM26438

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#62_KC-CS22STM26438) at Carnegie Stage 22 (Crown Rump Length= 21.5 mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf62  




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    Homo sapiens KC-CS23STM20018 View specimen

    M3#63_KC-CS23STM20018

    computationally reconstructed stomach of the human embryo (M3#63_KC-CS23STM20018) at Carnegie Stage 23 (Crown Rump Length= 23.1 mm).

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf63  




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Published in Volume 01, Issue 04 (2016)

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3D fossil reconstruction related to the publication: Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi from Tenerife, Canary Islands.
Jacques Michaux, Lionel Hautier, Rainer Hutterer, Renaud Lebrun, Franck Guy and Francisco García-Talavera
Published online: 2015-01-05

Keywords: Canariomys; Canary Islands; Fossil reconstruction; Insularity; Rodentia

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494. DOI: 10.1016/j.crpv.2012.06.004
      

  Specimens

    Canariomys bravoi TFMCV872-873 View specimen

    M3#6_TFMCV872-873

    This file contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf6  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: First records of extinct kentriodontid and squalodelphinid dolphins from the Upper Marine Molasse (Burdigalian age) of Switzerland and a reappraisal of the Swiss cetacean fauna.
Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández, Jürg Jost and Sarah Hilfiker
Published online: 2022-04-19

Keywords: bony labyrinth; Inner ear; Kentriodontidae; Physeteridae; Squalodelphinidae

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.159

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Aguirre-Fernández G, Jost J, and Hilfiker S. 2022. First records of extinct kentriodontid and squalodelphinid dolphins from the Upper Marine Molasse (Burdigalian age) of Switzerland and a reappraisal of the Swiss cetacean fauna. 

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in press

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3D models related to the publication: Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe
Manuela Aiglstorfer, Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart and Elmar P. Heizmann
Published online: 2017-10-16

Keywords: Inner ear; Miocene; Moschidae; petrosal; skull

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e4

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype (NMB Sth. 833) of the new species Micromeryx? eiselei analysed in the article Aiglstorfer, M., Costeur, L., Mennecart, B., Heizmann, E.P.J.. 2017. Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe. PlosOne https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185679 

  Specimens

    Micromeryx? eiselei NMB Sth. 833 View specimen

    M3#284_NMB Sth. 833

    The 3 D surfaces comprises the skull, petrosal, and bony labyrinth of NMB Sth.833, the holotype of Micromeryx? eiselei

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.284  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphology of the human embryonic brain and ventricles
Naoki Shiraishi, Airi Katayama, Takashi Nakashima, Naoto Shiraki, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Katsumi Kose and Tetsuya Takakuwa
Published online: 2015-07-27

Keywords: human brain; human embryo; magnetic resonance imaging; three-dimensional reconstruction

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Shiraishi N et al. Morphology and morphometry of the human embryonic brain: A three-dimensional analysis NeuroImage 115, 2015, 96-103, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.044.

      

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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The endocranial cast of Microchoerus erinaceus (Euprimates, Tarsiiformes).
Maëva Orliac
Published online: 2015-09-24

Keywords: Endocast; Late Eocene; Omomyiformes; Primate

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Ramdarshan A., Orliac M.J., 2015. Endocranial morphology of Microchoerus erinaceus (Euprimates, Tarsiiformes) and early evolution of the Euprimates brain. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22868

      

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Deciphering the morphological variation and its ontogenetic dynamics in the Late Devonian conodont Icriodus alternatus
Catherine Girard, Anne-Lise Charruault, Thomas Gluck, Carlo Corradini and Sabrina Renaud
Published online: 2022-02-08

Keywords: Conodonts; geometric morphometrics; Late Devonian; ontogenetic trajectory

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.161

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of a set of Famennian conodont elements belonging to the species Icriodus alternatus analyzed in the following publication: Girard et al. 2022: Deciphering the morphological variation and its ontogenetic dynamics in the Late Devonian conodont Icriodus alternatus

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Published in Volume 08, issue 01 (2022)

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3D model related to the publication: Niche partitioning of the European carnivorous mammals during the paleogene.
Floréal Solé, Morgane Dubied, Kévin Le Verger and Bastien Mennecart
Published online: 2019-01-21

Keywords: anatomy; France; juvenile; Oligocene; skull

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.63

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in the following publication: Solé et al. (2018), Niche partitioning of the European carnivorous mammals during the paleogene. Palaios. https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2018.022 

  Specimens

    Hyaenodon leptorhynchus FSL848325 View specimen

    M3#336_FSL848325

    The specimen FSL848325 is separated in two fragments: the anterior part bears the incisors, the deciduous and permanent canines, while the posterior part bears the right P3, P4, M1 and M2. The P2 is isolated. When combined, the cranium length is approximatively 10.5 cm long. The anterior part is 6.9 cm long and 2.15 cm wide (taken at the level of the P1). The posterior part is 4.8 cm long. The anterior part of the cranium is very narrow.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.336  




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Published in Volume 05, issue 01 (2019)

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Supplemental information for "Sensory anatomy of the most aquatic of carnivorans: the Antarctic Ross seal, and convergences with other mammals".
Ashley E. Latimer, Cleopatra M. Loza, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra and Alfredo A. Carlini
Published online: 2017-11-23

Keywords: aquatic; Inner ear; Ommatophoca rossi; Phoca; semicircular canals

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e7

  Abstract

    Here, the semicircular canals of the most aquatic seal, the rare Antarctic Ross Seal (Ommatophoca rossii), are presented for the first time, along with representatives of every species in the Lobodontini: the leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii), and crabeater seal (Lobodon carcinophagus). Because encounters with wild Ross seal are rare, and few specimens are available in collections worldwide, this dataset increases accessibility to a rare species. For further comparison, we present the bony labyrinths of other carnivorans, the elephant seal (Mirounga leonina), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), South American sea lion (Otaria byronia). 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D model related to the publication: The inner ear of Megatherium and the evolution of the vestibular system in sloths.
Guillaume Billet, Damien Germain, Irina Ruf, Christian de Muizon and Lionel Hautier
Published online: 2015-02-24

Keywords: bony labyrinth; Inner ear; Megatherium; Sloth

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.2.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Billet G., Germain D., Ruf I., Muizon C. de, Hautier L. 2013. The inner ear of Megatherium and the evolution of the vestibular system in sloths. Journal of Anatomy 123:557-567, DOI: 10.1111/joa.12114

  Specimens

    Megatherium americanum MNHN.F.PAM276 View specimen

    M3#14_MNHN.F.PAM276

    This model corresponds to a virtually reconstructed bony labyrinth of the right inner ear of the skull MNHN-F-PAM 276, attributed to the extinct giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum. The fossil comes from Pleistocene deposits at Rio Salado (Prov. Buenos Aires, Argentina). The bony labyrinth of Megatherium shows semicircular canals that are proportionally much larger than in the modern two-toed and three-toed sloths. The cochlea in Megatherium shows 2.5 turns, which is a rather high value within Xenarthra. Overall, the shape of the bony labyrinth of Megatherium resembles more that of extant armadillos than that of its extant sloth relatives.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf14  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 02 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Phylogenetic implications of the systematic reassessment of Xenacanthiformes and ‘Ctenacanthiformes’ (Chondrichthyes) neurocrania from the Carboniferous-Permian Autun Basin (France)
Vincent Luccisano, Mizuki Rambert-Natsuaki, Gilles Cuny, Romain Amiot, Jean-Marc Pouillon and Alan Pradel
Published online: 2021-10-20

Keywords: Carboniferous; neurocranium; Permian; Xenacanthiformes; ‘Ctenacanthiformes’

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.155

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of Carboniferous-Permian chondrichthyan neurocrania analyzed in “Phylogenetic implications of the systematic reassessment of Xenacanthiformes and ‘Ctenacanthiformes’ (Chondrichthyes) neurocrania from the Carboniferous-Permian Autun Basin (France)”. 

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Published in Volume 07, issue 04 (2021)

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3D models related to the publication: “Comparative masticatory myology in anteaters and its implications for interpreting morphological convergence in myrmecophagous placentals”
Sérgio Ferreira-Cardoso, Pierre-Henri Fabre, Benoît de Thoisy, Frédéric Delsuc and Lionel Hautier
Published online: 2020-07-29

Keywords: anteaters; Comparative anatomy; convergence; masticatory apparatus; myology; myrmecophagy

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.114

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models described in “Comparative masticatory myology in anteaters and its implications for interpreting morphological convergence in myrmecophagous placentals”. 

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Published in Volume 06, issue 04 (2020)

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