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MicroCT survey of larval skeletal mineralization in the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus (Actinopterygii; Lepisosteiformes)
Raphaël Scherrer, Andrés Hurtado, Erik Garcia Machado and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Actinopterygii; development; Lepisosteiformes; mineralization; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e3

  Abstract

    Using X-ray microtomography, we describe the ossification events during the larval development of a non-teleost actinopterygian species: the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus from the order Lepisosteiformes. We provide a detailed developmental series for each anatomical structure, covering a large sequence of mineralization events going from an early stage (13 days post-hatching, 21mm total length) to an almost fully ossified larval stage (118dph or 87mm in standard length). With this work, we expect to bring new developmental data to be used in further comparative studies with other lineages of bony vertebrates. We also hope that the on-line publication of these twelve successive 3D reconstructions, fully labelled and flagged, will be an educational tool for all students in comparative anatomy. 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 03 (2017)

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Osteological connexions of the petrosal bone of the extant Hippopotamidae Hippopotamus amphibius and Choeropsis liberiensis
Maëva Orliac, Franck Guy and Renaud Lebrun
Keywords: Artiodactyla; bulla; ear region; pygmy hippo; sinus

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e1

  Abstract

    This project presents the osteological connexions of the petrosal bone of the extant Hippopotamidae Hippopotamus amphibius and Choeropsis liberiensis by a virtual osteological dissection of the ear region. The petrosal, the bulla, the sinuses and the major morphological features surrounding the petrosal bone are labelled, both in situ and in an exploded model presenting disassembly views. The directional underwater hearing mode of Hippopotamidae is discussed based on the new observations. 

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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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Skeletogenesis during the late embryonic development of the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula (Chondrichthyes; Neoselachii)
Sébastien Enault, Sylvain Adnet and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Chondrichthyes; development; mineralization; Scyliorhinus canicula; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.4.e2

  Abstract

    Current knowledge on the skeletogenesis of Chondrichthyes is scarce compared with their extant sister group, the bony fishes. Most of the previously described developmental tables in Chondrichthyes have focused on embryonic external morphology only. Due to its small body size and relative simplicity to raise eggs in laboratory conditions, the small-spotted catshark Scyliorhinus canicula has emerged as a reference species to describe developmental mechanisms in the Chondrichthyes lineage. Here we investigate the dynamic of mineralization in a set of six embryonic specimens using X-ray microtomography and describe the developing units of both the dermal skeleton (teeth and dermal scales) and endoskeleton (vertebral axis). This preliminary data on skeletogenesis in the catshark sets the first bases to a more complete investigation of the skeletal developmental in Chondrichthyes. It should provide comparison points with data known in osteichthyans and could thus be used in the broader context of gnathostome skeletal evolution. 

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 04 (2016)

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3D surface scan of the type specimen of Molassitherium delemontense Becker and Antoine, 2013: use of a 3D model for research and conservation issues
Olivier Maridet, Gaëtan Rauber, Martine Rochat, Renaud Roch, Jérémy Tissier, Jérémy Anquetin and Damien Becker
Keywords: Conservation; Early Oligocene; Rhinocerotidae; Switzerland

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.82

  Abstract

    This contribution provides for the first time the 3D model of the type specimen of Molassitherium delemontense (Mammalia, Rhinocerotidae) described in the following publication: Becker et al. (2013), Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, Vol. 11, Issue 8, 947–972, https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2012.699007. Conservation issues of the specimen and solutions using 3D model and 3D prints are detailed. 

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Published in Volume 05, issue 02 (2019)

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3D models related to the publication: A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region.
Bastien Mennecart and Loïc Costeur
Keywords: inner ear; Miocene; phylogeny; ruminant

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.1.e2

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the article Mennecart, B., and L. Costeur. 2016. A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, Middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(6), 1211665(1)-1211665(7). DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2016.1211665

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 01 (2016)

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The petrosal bone of Prodremotherium sp. (Artiodactyla, Ruminantia).
Alexandre Assemat and Nicolas Brualla
Keywords: Late Oligocene; MP 26; MP 28; periotic bone; ruminant

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.2.e1

  Abstract

    This project presents the 3D models of two isolated petrosals from the Oligocene locality of Pech de Fraysse (Quercy, France) here attributed to the genus Prodremotherium Filhol, 1877. Our aim is to describe the petrosal morphology of this Oligocene “early ruminant” as only few data are available in the literature for Oligocene taxa. 

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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 02 (2015)

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3D models of three wolf pup skulls related to the publication: Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication
 
Dominic Gascho, Sabrina Beutler, Cornelia Mainini and Madeleine Geiger
Keywords: Canidae; Canis lupus; Carnivora

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e6

  Abstract

    This contribution comprises the 3D models of three wolf pup skulls, which were used for the publication by Geiger et al. 2017 on Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication. 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe
Manuela Aiglstorfer, Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart and Elmar P. Heizmann
Keywords: inner ear; Miocene; Moschidae; petrosal; skull

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e4

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype (NMB Sth. 833) of the new species Micromeryx? eiselei analysed in the article Aiglstorfer, M., Costeur, L., Mennecart, B., Heizmann, E.P.J.. 2017. Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe. PlosOne https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185679 

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    Micromeryx? eiselei NMB Sth. 833 View specimen

    M3#284_NMB Sth. 833

    The 3 D surfaces comprises the skull, petrosal, and bony labyrinth of NMB Sth.833, the holotype of Micromeryx? eiselei

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.284  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphological and functional changes in the vertebral column with increasing aquatic adaptation in crocodylomorphs
Julia Molnar, Stephanie Pierce, Bhart-Anjan Bhullar, Alan Turner and John Hutchinson
Keywords: archosaur; axial skeleton; vertebrae

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e5

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Molnar, JL, Pierce, SE, Bhullar, B-A, Turner, AH, Hutchinson, JR (accepted). Morphological and functional changes in the crocodylomorph vertebral column with increasing aquatic adaptation. Royal Society Open Science. 

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Dental remains of cebid platyrrhines from the earliest late Miocene of Western Amazonia, Peru: macroevolutionary implications on the extant capuchin and marmoset lineages
Laurent Marivaux, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi and Pierre-Olivier Antoine
Keywords: Callitrichinae; Cebinae; Neogene; Primates; South America

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the isolated teeth attributed to stem representatives of the Cebuella and Cebus lineages (Cebuella sp. and Cebus sp.), described and figured in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2016), Dental remains of cebid platyrrhines from the earliest late Miocene of Western Amazonia, Peru: macroevolutionary implications on the extant capuchin and marmoset lineages. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23052 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 01 (2017)

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S.I. Data
3D data and models related to the publication: An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation.
Anna-Katharina Mautner , Ashley E. Latimer, Uwe Fritz and Torsten M. Scheyer
Keywords: brain endocast; chelonian shell; micro computed tomography; morphology; variability

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e4

  Abstract

    The present publication contains the µCT dataset and the 3D models analyzed in the following publication: Mautner, A.-K., A. E. Latimer, U. Fritz, and T. M. Scheyer. An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation. Journal of Morphology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20640 

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    Malacochersus tornieri ZM 100.102 View specimen

    M3#129_ZM 100.102

    Virtual brain and inner ear endocast of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102; Zoological Museum of The University of Zurich). This virtual model is accompanied by the 3D dataset. Blue, endocranium; red, blood vessels; purple, semicircular canals; yellow, cranial nerves.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.129  




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    M3#130_ZM 100.102

    3D dataset of skull of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102)

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.130  




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Published in Volume 02, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D fossil reconstruction related to the publication: Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi from Tenerife, Canary Islands.
Jacques Michaux, Lionel Hautier, Rainer Hutterer, Renaud Lebrun, Franck Guy and Francisco García-Talavera
Keywords: Canariomys; Canary Islands; Fossil reconstruction; Insularity; Rodentia

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494. DOI: 10.1016/j.crpv.2012.06.004
      

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    Canariomys bravoi TFMCV872-873 View specimen

    M3#6_TFMCV872-873

    This file contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf6  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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3D cranium models of fossils of large canids (Canis lupus) from Goyet, Trou des Nutons and Trou Balleux, Belgium
Allowen Evin, Emmanuel Gilissen and Mietje Germonpré
Keywords: Archaeozoology; Dog; Domestication; Pleistocene; Wolf

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e2

  Abstract

    Archaeozoological studies are increasingly using new methods and approaches to explore questions about domestication. Here, we provide 3D models of three archaeological Canis lupus skulls from Belgium originating from the sites of Goyet (31,680±250BP; 31,890+240/-220BP), Trou des Nutons (21,810±90BP) and Trou Balleux (postglacial). Since their identification as either wolves or early dogs is still debated, we present these models as additional tools for further investigating their evolutionary history and the history of dog domestication. 

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    Canis lupus Goyet 2860 View specimen

    M3#21_Goyet 2860

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Goyet 2860" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf21  




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    Canis lupus Trou Balleux no-nr View specimen

    M3#22_Trou Balleux no-nr

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou Balleux no-nr" from the University of Liège, Belgium

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf22  




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    Canis lupus Trou des Nutons 2559-1 View specimen

    M3#23_Trou des Nutons 2559-1

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou des Nutons 2559-1" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf23  




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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Neotropics provide insights into the emergence of New World monkeys: new dental evidence from the late Oligocene of Peruvian Amazonia
Laurent Marivaux, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi and Pierre-Olivier Antoine
Keywords: Homunculidae; Paleogene; Peru; Soriacebinae; South America

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the isolated teeth of Canaanimico amazonensis, a new stem platyrrhine primate, described and figured in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2016), Neotropics provide insights into the emergence of New World monkeys: new dental evidence from the late Oligocene of Peruvian Amazonia. Journal of Human Evolution. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.05.011
      

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 01 (2017)

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S.I. Data
3D models related to the publication: Systematic and locomotor diversification of the Adapis group (Primates, Adapiformes) in the late Eocene of the Quercy (Southwest France), revealed by humeral remains.
Judit Marigó, Nicole Verrière and Marc Godinot
Keywords: Adapis; humeri; locomotion; Quercy

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.75

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the publication “Systematic and locomotor diversification of the Adapis group (Primates, Adapiformes) in the late Eocene of the Quercy (Southwest France), revealed by humeral remains”. In this paper, twenty humeral specimens from the old and new Quercy collections attributed to the fossil primates Adapis and Palaeolemur are described and analysed together. In this dataset only the scans of the fossils belonging to the collections of Université de Montpellier are provided.
    In our paper (Marigó et al., 2019) we provide a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the different humeri, revealing that high variability is present within the “Adapis group” sample. Six different morphotypes are identified, confirming that what has often been called “Adapis parisiensis” is a mix of different species that present different locomotor adaptations. 

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Published in Volume 04, issue 03 (2018)

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3D model related to the publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria)
Rodolphe Tabuce
Keywords: Herodotiinae; Macroscelidea; Maxilla

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model of the holotype of Chambius kasserinensis, the basalmost ‘elephant-shrew’ figured in the following publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria). https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1297433 

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    Chambius kasserinensis CBI-1-06 View specimen

    M3#146_CBI-1-06

    3D model of the holotype maxilla of Chambius kasserinensis. The 3D surface was extracted manually from the limestone matrix within AVIZO 9.2

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.146  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Protocetid (Cetacea, Artiodactyla) bullae and petrosals from the Middle Eocene locality of Kpogamé, Togo: new insights into the early history of cetacean hearing
Mickaël Mourlam and Maëva Orliac
Keywords: archaeocete; auditory region; Lutetian; petrotympanic complex

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.1.e2

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Mourlam, M., Orliac, M. J. (2017), Protocetid (Cetacea, Artiodactyla) bullae and petrosals from the Middle Eocene locality of Kpogamé, Togo: new insights into the early history of cetacean hearing. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2017.1328378
      

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 01 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphology of the human embryonic brain and ventricles
Naoki Shiraishi, Airi Katayama, Takashi Nakashima, Naoto Shiraki, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Katsumi Kose and Tetsuya Takakuwa
Keywords: human brain; human embryo; magnetic resonance imaging; three-dimensional reconstruction

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Shiraishi N et al. Morphology and morphometry of the human embryonic brain: A three-dimensional analysis NeuroImage 115, 2015, 96-103, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.044.

      

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Infrasonic and ultrasonic hearing evolved after the emergence of modern whales
Maëva Orliac and Mickaël Mourlam
Keywords: archaeocete; Artiodactyla; bony labyrinth; cochlea; Lutetian

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the bony labyrinths of two protocetid archaeocetes from the locality of Kpogamé, Togo, described and figured in the publication of Mourlam and Orliac (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.061  

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D model related to the publication: A pangolin (Manidae, Pholidota, Mammalia) from the French Quercy phosphorites (Pech du Fraysse, Saint-Projet, Tarn-et-Garonne, late Oligocene, MP 28)
Jean-Yves Crochet, Lionel Hautier and Thomas Lehmann
Keywords: Oligocene; Pangolin; Pech du Fraysse; Quercy Phosphorites

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Crochet, J.-Y., Hautier, L., Lehmann, T., 2015. A pangolin (Manidae, Pholidota, Mammalia) from the French Quercy phosphorites (Pech du Fraysse, Saint-Projet, Tarn-et-Garonne, late Oligocene, MP 28). Palaeovertebrata 39(2)-e4. doi: 10.18563/pv.39.2.e4  

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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