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A 3D geometric morphometric dataset quantifying skeletal variation in birds
Alexander Bjarnason and Roger Benson
Keywords: birds; geometric morphometrics; macroevolution; morphology; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.125

  Abstract

    Macroevolution is integral to understanding the patterns of the diversification of life. As the life sciences increasingly use big data approaches, large multivariate datasets are required to test fundamental macroevolutionary hypotheses. In vertebrate evolution, large datasets have been created to quantify morphological variation, largely focusing on particular areas of the skeleton. We provide a landmarking protocol to quantify morphological variation in skeletal elements across the head, trunk, hindlimb and forelimb using 3-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks, and present a large pan-skeletal database of bird morphology for 149 taxa across avian phylogeny using CT scan data. This large collection of 3D models and geometric morphometric data is open access and can be used in the future for new research, teaching and outreach. The 3D models and CT scans of the 149 specimens related to this project can be downloaded at MorphoSource (https://www.morphosource.org/projects/00000C420

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S.I. Data
3D models related to the publication: Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck
Marilena A. Müller, Luisa Merten, Christine Böhmer and John A. Nyakatura
Keywords: cetartiodactyla; comparative anatomy; neck; Vertebrae; vertebral column

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.129

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models analyzed in Müller et al. (2021) “Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck”. 

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3D models related to the publication: Sacral co-ossification in dinosaurs: the oldest record of fused sacral vertebrae in Dinosauria and the diversity of sacral co-ossification patterns in the group
Débora Moro, Leonardo Kerber, Rodrigo T. Müller and Flávio A. Pretto
Keywords:

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.132

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the sacral vertebrae analyzed in “Sacral co-ossification in dinosaurs: The oldest record of fused sacral vertebrae in Dinosauria and the diversity of sacral co-ossification patterns in the group”.
      

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Published in Volume 06, issue 05 (2020)

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3D cranium models of fossils of large canids (Canis lupus) from Goyet, Trou des Nutons and Trou Balleux, Belgium
Allowen Evin, Emmanuel Gilissen and Mietje Germonpré
Keywords: Archaeozoology; Dog; Domestication; Pleistocene; Wolf

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e2

  Abstract

    Archaeozoological studies are increasingly using new methods and approaches to explore questions about domestication. Here, we provide 3D models of three archaeological Canis lupus skulls from Belgium originating from the sites of Goyet (31,680±250BP; 31,890+240/-220BP), Trou des Nutons (21,810±90BP) and Trou Balleux (postglacial). Since their identification as either wolves or early dogs is still debated, we present these models as additional tools for further investigating their evolutionary history and the history of dog domestication. 

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    Canis lupus Goyet 2860 View specimen

    M3#21_Goyet 2860

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Goyet 2860" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf21  




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    Canis lupus Trou Balleux no-nr View specimen

    M3#22_Trou Balleux no-nr

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou Balleux no-nr" from the University of Liège, Belgium

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf22  




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    Canis lupus Trou des Nutons 2559-1 View specimen

    M3#23_Trou des Nutons 2559-1

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou des Nutons 2559-1" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf23  




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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D model related to the publication: A new species of the large-headed coastal marine turtle Solnhofia (Testudinata, Thalassochelydia) from the Late Jurassic of NW Switzerland
Jérémy Anquetin and Christian Püntener
Keywords: cranium; Late Jurassic; Solnhofia; Thalassochelydia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.118

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D surface model of the holotype cranium of the Late Jurassic thalassochelydian turtle Solnhofia brachyrhyncha described and figured in the publication of Anquetin and Püntener (2020). 

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Published in Volume 06, issue 04 (2020)

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3D models related to the publication: The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula
Richard Dearden, Rohan Mansuit, Anthony Herrel, Antoine Cuckovic, Dominique Didier, Paul Tafforeau and Alan Pradel
Keywords: chondrichthyan; cranial muscles; digital dissection; elasmobranch; holocephalan

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.133

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of the cranial skeleton and muscles in an elephantfish (Callorhinchus milii) and a catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula), based on synchrotron tomographic scans. These datasets were analyzed and described in Dearden et al. (2021) “The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula.” Journal of Anatomy. 

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3D models related to the publication: One skull to rule them all? Descriptive and comparative anatomy of the masticatory apparatus in five mice species based on traditional and digital dissections.
Samuel Ginot, Julien Claude and Lionel Hautier
Keywords: Dissection; iodine-enhanced CT-scan; Masticatory musculature; Murinae; skull myology

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.65

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the article entitled "One skull to rule them all? Descriptive and comparative anatomy of the masticatory apparatus in five mice species based on traditional and digital dissections" (Ginot et al. 2018, Journal of Morphology, https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20845). 

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    Mus cervicolor R7314 View specimen

    M3#343_R7314

    .ply surfaces of the skull and masticatory muscles of Mus cervicolor. Created with MorphoDig, .pos and .ntw files also included. Scans were obtained thanks to the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier MRI platform.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.343  




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    Mus caroli R7264 View specimen

    M3#344_R7264

    .ply surfaces of the skull and masticatory muscles of Mus caroli. Created with MorphoDig, .pos and .ntw files also included. Scans were obtained thanks to the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier MRI platform.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.344  




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    Mus fragilicauda R7260 View specimen

    M3#345_R7260

    .ply surfaces of the skull and masticatory muscles of Mus fragilicauda. Created with MorphoDig, .pos and .ntw files also included. Scans were obtained thanks to the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier MRI platform.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.345  




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    Mus pahari R7226 View specimen

    M3#346_R7226

    .ply surfaces of the skull and masticatory muscles of Mus pahari. Created with MorphoDig, .pos and .ntw files also included. Scans were obtained thanks to the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier MRI platform.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.346  




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    Mus minutoides minutoides-1 View specimen

    M3#347_minutoides-1

    .ply surfaces of the skull and masticatory muscles of Mus minutoides. Created with MorphoDig, .pos and .ntw files also included. Scans were obtained thanks to the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier MRI platform.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.347  




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Published in Volume 04, issue 02 (2018)

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3D models related to the publication: The Neogene record of northern South American native ungulates
Juan D. Carrillo, Eli Amson, Carlos Jaramillo, Rodolfo Sánchez, Luis Quiroz, Carlos Cuartas, Aldo F. Rincón and Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra
Keywords: Astrapotheria; Castilletes Formation; Neogene; Notoungulata; San Gregorio Formation

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.61

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in: The Neogene record of northern South American native ungulates. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology. Doi: 10.5479/si.1943-6688.101
      

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Published in Volume 04, issue 02 (2018)

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A photorealistic collection of Homo sapiens crania for research and dissemination
Paolo Lussu and Elisabetta Marini
Keywords: distance learning; photogrammetry; teaching; validation

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.112

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publications:
    - Marini E., Lussu P., 2020. A virtual physical anthropology lab. Teaching in the time of coronavirus, in prep.;
    - Lussu P., Bratzu D., Marini E., 2020. Cloud-based ultra close-range digital photogrammetry: validation of an approach for the effective virtual reconstruction of skeletal remains, in prep. 

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Published in Volume 06, issue 02 (2020)

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3D models related to the publication: Upper third molar internal structural organization and semicircular canal morphology in Plio-Pleistocene South African cercopithecoids.
Amélie Beaudet, Guillaume Fleury, Emmanuel Gilissen, Jean Dumoncel, John F. Thackeray, Laurent Bruxelles, Benjamin Duployer, Christophe Tenailleau, Lunga Bam, Jakobus Hoffman, Frikke De Beer and José Braga
Keywords: Bony labyrinth; cercopithecoids; enamel-dentine junction; upper third molars

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.86

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the enamel-dentine junctions of upper third molars and of the bony labyrinths of the extant cercopithecoid specimens analyzed in the following publication: Beaudet, A., Dumoncel, J., Thackeray, J.F., Bruxelles, L., Duployer, B., Tenailleau, C., Bam, L., Hoffman, J., de Beer, F., Braga, J.: Upper third molar internal structural organization and semicircular canal morphology in Plio-Pleistocene South African cercopithecoids. Journal of Human Evolution 95, 104-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.04.004 

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Published in Volume 06, issue 01 (2020)

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3D models related to the publication: Evolution of the sauropterygian labyrinth with increasingly pelagic lifestyles
James, M. Neenan, Tobias Reich, Serjoscha Evers, Patrick Druckenmiller, Dennis Voeten, Jonah Choiniere, Paul Barrett, Stephanie Pierce and Roger Benson
Keywords: ecomorphology; Endosseous Labyrinth; geometric morphometrics; palaeoecology; semicircular canals

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.62

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in "Neenan, J. M., Reich, T., Evers, S., Druckenmiller, P. S., Voeten, D. F. A. E., Choiniere, J. N., Barrett, P. M., Pierce, S. E. and Benson, R. B. J. Evolution of the sauropterygian labyrinth with increasingly pelagic lifestyles. Current Biology, 27." https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.10.069 

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Published in Volume 04, issue 01 (2018)

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3D fossil reconstruction related to the publication: Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi from Tenerife, Canary Islands.
Jacques Michaux, Lionel Hautier, Rainer Hutterer, Renaud Lebrun, Franck Guy and Francisco García-Talavera
Keywords: Canariomys; Canary Islands; Fossil reconstruction; Insularity; Rodentia

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494. DOI: 10.1016/j.crpv.2012.06.004
      

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    Canariomys bravoi TFMCV872-873 View specimen

    M3#6_TFMCV872-873

    This file contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf6  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Internal tooth structure and burial practices: insights into the Neolithic necropolis of Gurgy (France, 5100-4000 cal. BC).
Mona Le Luyer, Michael Coquerelle, Stéphane Rottier and Priscilla Bayle
Keywords: modern humans; Neolithic; upper permanent second molars

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.1.e1

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of external and internal aspects of human upper permanent second molars from the Neolithic necropolis analyzed in the following publication: Le Luyer M., Coquerelle M., Rottier S., Bayle P. (2016): Internal tooth structure and burial practices: insights into the Neolithic necropolis of Gurgy (France, 5100-4000 cal. BC). Plos One 11(7): e0159688. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159688

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 01 (2016)

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3D models related to the publication: Size Variation under Domestication: Conservatism in the inner ear shape of wolves, dogs and dingoes
Anita . Schweizer, Renaud Lebrun, Laura A. B. Wilson, Loïc Costeur, Thomas Schmelzle and Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra
Keywords: Bony labyrinth; cochlea; feralisation; Inner ear; petrosal; semicircular canal; zooarchaeology

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e1

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the following publication: Size variation under domestication: Conservatism in the inner ear shape of wolves, dogs and dingoes. Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 13330, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13523-9.
      

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphology of the human embryonic brain and ventricles
Naoki Shiraishi, Airi Katayama, Takashi Nakashima, Naoto Shiraki, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Katsumi Kose and Tetsuya Takakuwa
Keywords: human brain; human embryo; magnetic resonance imaging; three-dimensional reconstruction

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Shiraishi N et al. Morphology and morphometry of the human embryonic brain: A three-dimensional analysis NeuroImage 115, 2015, 96-103, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.04.044.

      

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: New data on Amynodontidae (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the Eocene of Eastern Europe: phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographic implications
Jérémy Tissier, Damien Becker, Vlad Codrea, Loïc Costeur, Cristina Fărcaş, Alexandru Solomon, Marton Venczel and Olivier Maridet
Keywords: Amynodontidae; late Eocene; Oligocene; Rhinocerotoidea; Romania

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e5

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Tissier et al. (in prep.). 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe
Manuela Aiglstorfer, Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart and Elmar P. Heizmann
Keywords: Inner ear; Miocene; Moschidae; petrosal; Skull

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e4

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype (NMB Sth. 833) of the new species Micromeryx? eiselei analysed in the article Aiglstorfer, M., Costeur, L., Mennecart, B., Heizmann, E.P.J.. 2017. Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe. PlosOne https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185679 

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    Micromeryx? eiselei NMB Sth. 833 View specimen

    M3#284_NMB Sth. 833

    The 3 D surfaces comprises the skull, petrosal, and bony labyrinth of NMB Sth.833, the holotype of Micromeryx? eiselei

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.284  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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Neurocranium and endocranial anatomy of a new large Triassic dapediid.
Ashley E. Latimer and Sam Giles
Keywords: dapedium; Neopterygian; neurocranium; Triassic

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.44

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: "a giant dapediid from the Late Triassic of Switzerland and insights into neopterygian phylogeny", Royal Society Open Science, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180497 

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    Scopulipiscis saxciput PIMUZ A/I 3026 View specimen

    M3#177_PIMUZ A/I 3026

    3D surfaces of the skull and endocranial spaces inside neurocranium, including the aortic canal, braincase, fossa bridgei, lateral cranial canal, nerves and other passageways, notochord, posterior myodome, and right semicircular canals.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.177  




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    M3#178_PIMUZ A/I 3026

    Scan of the neurocranium of PIMUZ A/I 3026

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.178  




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Published in Volume 04, issue 02 (2018)

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Holotype specimen of Donrussellia magna, an adapiform primate from the early Eocene (MP7) of Southern France
Anusha Ramdarshan, Marc Godinot, Samuel Bédécarrats and Rodolphe Tabuce
Keywords: Adapiformes; Early Eocene; Holotype; Primates; Southern France

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.2.e2

  Abstract

    This project presents a µCT dataset and an associated 3D surface model of the holotype of Donrussellia magna (UM PAT 17; Primates, Adapiformes). UM PAT17 is the only known specimen for the species and consists of a well-preserved left lower jaw with p4-m3. It documents one of the oldest European primates, eventually dated near the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum. 

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    Donrussellia magna UM PAT 17 View specimen

    M3#17_UM PAT 17

    3D surface file model of UM PAT 17 (type specimen of Donrussellia magna), which is a well preserved left lower jaw with p4-m3. The teeth (and roots) were manually segmented.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf17  




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    M3#18_UM PAT 17

    CT Scan Data of Donrussellia magna UM PAT 17. Voxel size (in µm): 36µm (isotropic voxels). Dimensions in x,y,z : 594 pixels, 294 pixels, 1038 pixels. Image type : 8-bit voxels. Image format : raw data format (no header).

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf18  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 02 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans
 
Ariana Paulina-Carabajal and Jorge Calvo
Keywords: Cranial endocast; Dinosauria; Inner ear; Paleoneurology

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.130

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Paulina-Carabajal A and Calvo JO 2021. Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 93(Suppl. 2): e20200762 https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202120200762 

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