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December 2020
Volume 06, issue 05
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Original articles in press

A 3D geometric morphometric dataset quantifying skeletal variation in birds
Alexander Bjarnason and Roger Benson
Keywords: birds; geometric morphometrics; macroevolution; morphology; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.125

Abstract

Macroevolution is integral to understanding the patterns of the diversification of life. As the life sciences increasingly use big data approaches, large multivariate datasets are required to test fundamental macroevolutionary hypotheses. In vertebrate evolution, large datasets have been created to quantify morphological variation, largely focusing on particular areas of the skeleton. We provide a landmarking protocol to quantify morphological variation in skeletal elements across the head, trunk, hindlimb and forelimb using 3-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks, and present a large pan-skeletal database of bird morphology for 149 taxa across avian phylogeny using CT scan data. This large collection of 3D models and geometric morphometric data is open access and can be used in the future for new research, teaching and outreach. The 3D models and CT scans of the 149 specimens related to this project can be downloaded at MorphoSource (https://www.morphosource.org/projects/00000C420

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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S.I. Data

Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans
 
Ariana Paulina-Carabajal and Jorge Calvo
Keywords: Cranial endocast; Dinosauria; Inner ear; Paleoneurology

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.130

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Paulina-Carabajal A and Calvo JO 2021. Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 93(Suppl. 2): e20200762 https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202120200762 

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3D models related to the publication: Reassessment of the enigmatic ruminant Miocene genus Amphimoschus Bourgeois, 1873 (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Pecora).
Bastien Mennecart, Grégoire Métais, Jérémy Tissier, Loïc Costeur and Gertrud Rössner
Keywords: Bony labyrinth; Miocene; Petrosal bone; Ruminant; Skull

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.131

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Mennecart B., Métais G., Costeur L., Ginsburg L, and Rössner G. 2021, Reassessment of the enigmatic ruminant Miocene genus Amphimoschus Bourgeois, 1873 (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Pecora). PlosOne. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244661 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: A new fossil of Tayassuidae (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla) from the Pleistocene of northern Brazil
Paula Copetti, Rodrigo . Parisi-Dutra, Atila A. Stock Da-Rosa and Leonardo Kerber
Keywords: Laser scanning; megafauna; Rio Madeira Formation; Rondônia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.105

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model of a left dentary with m1-m3 analyzed in “A new fossil of Tayassuidae (Mammalia: Certartiodactyla) from the Pleistocene of northern Brazil”. The 3D model was generated using a laser scanning. 

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3D models related to the publication: Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck
Marilena A. Müller, Luisa Merten, Christine Böhmer and John A. Nyakatura
Keywords: cetartiodactyla; comparative anatomy; neck; Vertebrae; vertebral column

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.129

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models analyzed in Müller et al. (2021) “Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck”. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula
Richard Dearden, Rohan Mansuit, Anthony Herrel, Antoine Cuckovic, Dominique Didier, Paul Tafforeau and Alan Pradel
Keywords: chondrichthyan; cranial muscles; digital dissection; elasmobranch; holocephalan

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.133

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of the cranial skeleton and muscles in an elephantfish (Callorhinchus milii) and a catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula), based on synchrotron tomographic scans. These datasets were analyzed and described in Dearden et al. (2021) “The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula.” Journal of Anatomy. 

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Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: A new traversodontid cynodont with a peculiar postcanine dentition from the Middle/Late Triassic of Namibia and dental evolution in basal gomphodonts.
Christophe Hendrickx, Leandro C. Gaetano, Jonah N. Choiniere, Helke Mocke and Fernando Abdala
Keywords: Cynodontia; Gomphodontia; postcanine; teeth; Traversodontidae

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.123

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Hendrickx, C., Gaetano, L. C., Choiniere, J., Mocke, H. and Abdala, F. in press. A new traversodontid cynodont with a peculiar postcanine dentition from the Middle/Late Triassic of Namibia and dental evolution in basal gomphodonts. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

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3D models related to the publication: A new prozostrodontian cynodont (Eucynodontia, Probainognathia) from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil
Micheli Stefanello, Leonardo Kerber, Agustin Martinelli and Sérgio Dias-da-Silva
Keywords: Late Triassic; lower jaw; micro-CT; Prozostrodontia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.120

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model(s) described and figured in the following publication: The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models and CT-Scan slices of the lower jaws and teeth analyzed in “A new prozostrodontian cynodont (Eucynodontia, Probainognathia) from the Upper Triassic of southern Brazil”. https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2020.1782415 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: three-dimensional and histological observations on male genital organs of greater horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum.
Joon H. Sohn, Junpei Kimura and Daisuke Koyabu
Keywords: convergence; evolution; homology; reproductive organ; Yinpterochiroptera

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.113

  Abstract

    The present Dataset contains the 3D model of the male genital organs of greater horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum. This is the first detailed 3D structure of the soft-tissue genital organs of bats. The 3D model was generated using microCT and techniques of virtual reconstruction. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Interacting with the inaccessible: utilization of multimedia-based visual contents of Japan’s National Monument, the Taniwhasaurus mikasaensis (Mosasauridae) holotype for educational workshops at Mikasa City Museum
Kumiko Matsui and Tomoki Karasawa
Keywords: Mosasauridae; Photogrammetry-based 3D data; surface scanner; Taniwhasaurus; Tylosaurinae

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.106

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model used in in the following publication: Interacting with the inaccessible: utilization of multimedia-based visual contents of Japan’s National Monument, the Taniwhasaurus mikasaensis (Mosasauridae) holotype for educational workshops at Mikasa City Museum. 

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3D models related to the publication: Sacral co-ossification in dinosaurs: the oldest record of fused sacral vertebrae in Dinosauria and the diversity of sacral co-ossification patterns in the group
Débora Moro, Leonardo Kerber, Rodrigo T. Müller and Flávio A. Pretto
Keywords:

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.132

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the sacral vertebrae analyzed in “Sacral co-ossification in dinosaurs: The oldest record of fused sacral vertebrae in Dinosauria and the diversity of sacral co-ossification patterns in the group”.
      

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MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.1

MorphoDig 1.6.1 ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphoDig ) adds a few minor functionalities:

  • This version uses VTK 9
  • Two new scalars are available : volume and area computation of each surface or each non-connex element of each surface.
  • Possibility to use  "Screen-Space ambiant occlusion" (SSAO) to better render 3D surfaces (but be aware that transparent screenshots do not work using SSAO rendering).
Example of volume scalar usage : the volume of each bone of this neonate Lemur catta skeletton was computed and displayed using a look-up table.