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March 2021
Volume 07, issue 01
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: The endocranial cast of Indohyus (Artiodactyla, Raoellidae): the origin of the cetacean brain
 
Maëva Orliac and J. G. M. Thewissen
Keywords: brain; Cetacea; CT scan; Endocast; Eocene

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.137

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the endocranial cast of two specimens of Indohyus indirae described in the article entitled “The endocranial cast of Indohyus (Artiodactyla, Raoellidae): the origin of the cetacean brain” (Orliac and Thewissen, 2021). They represent the cast of the main cavity of the braincase as well as associated intraosseous sinuses.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Patterns of bilateral asymmetry and allometry in Late Devonian Polygnathus conodonts
Catherine Girard, Anne-Lise Charruault, Ronan Ledevin and Sabrina Renaud
Keywords: Conodonts; Late Devonian; Polygnathus communis; Polygnathus glaber

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.126

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the set of Famennian conodont elements belonging to the species Polygnathus glaber and Polygnathus communis analyzed in the following publication: Renaud et al. 2021: Patterns of bilateral asymmetry and allometry in Late Devonian Polygnathus. Palaeontology. https://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12513 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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Current Issue

  Miscellaneous
A 3D geometric morphometric dataset quantifying skeletal variation in birds
Alexander Bjarnason and Roger Benson
Keywords: birds; Geometric morphometrics; macroevolution; morphology; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.125

  Abstract

    Macroevolution is integral to understanding the patterns of the diversification of life. As the life sciences increasingly use big data approaches, large multivariate datasets are required to test fundamental macroevolutionary hypotheses. In vertebrate evolution, large datasets have been created to quantify morphological variation, largely focusing on particular areas of the skeleton. We provide a landmarking protocol to quantify morphological variation in skeletal elements across the head, trunk, hindlimb and forelimb using 3-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks, and present a large pan-skeletal database of bird morphology for 149 taxa across avian phylogeny using CT scan data. This large collection of 3D models and geometric morphometric data is open access and can be used in the future for new research, teaching and outreach. The 3D models and CT scans of the 149 specimens related to this project can be downloaded at MorphoSource (https://www.morphosource.org/projects/00000C420

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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S.I. Data
  3D datasets

3D models related to the publication: The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula
Richard Dearden, Rohan Mansuit, Anthony Herrel, Antoine Cuckovic, Dominique Didier, Paul Tafforeau and Alan Pradel
Keywords: chondrichthyan; cranial muscles; digital dissection; elasmobranch; holocephalan

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.133

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of the cranial skeleton and muscles in an elephantfish (Callorhinchus milii) and a catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula), based on synchrotron tomographic scans. These datasets were analyzed and described in Dearden et al. (2021) “The morphology and evolution of chondrichthyan cranial muscles: a digital dissection of the elephantfish Callorhinchus milii and the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula.” Journal of Anatomy. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck
Marilena A. Müller, Luisa Merten, Christine Böhmer and John A. Nyakatura
Keywords: cetartiodactyla; Comparative anatomy; neck; Vertebrae; vertebral column

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.129

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models analyzed in Müller et al. (2021) “Pushing the boundary? Testing the ‘functional elongation hypothesis’ of the giraffe’s neck”. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: A new fossil of Tayassuidae (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla) from the Pleistocene of northern Brazil
Paula Copetti, Rodrigo . Parisi-Dutra, Atila A. Stock Da-Rosa and Leonardo Kerber
Keywords: Laser scanning; megafauna; Rio Madeira Formation; Rondônia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.105

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model of a left dentary with m1-m3 analyzed in “A new fossil of Tayassuidae (Mammalia: Certartiodactyla) from the Pleistocene of northern Brazil”. The 3D model was generated using a laser scanning. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Reassessment of the enigmatic ruminant Miocene genus Amphimoschus Bourgeois, 1873 (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Pecora).
Bastien Mennecart, Grégoire Métais, Jérémy Tissier, Loïc Costeur and Gertrud Rössner
Keywords: Bony labyrinth; Miocene; Petrosal bone; Ruminant; Skull

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.131

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Mennecart B., Métais G., Costeur L., Ginsburg L, and Rössner G. 2021, Reassessment of the enigmatic ruminant Miocene genus Amphimoschus Bourgeois, 1873 (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Pecora). PlosOne. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244661 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans
 
Ariana Paulina-Carabajal and Jorge Calvo
Keywords: Cranial endocast; Dinosauria; Inner ear; Paleoneurology

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.130

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Paulina-Carabajal A and Calvo JO 2021. Re-description of the braincase of the rebbachisaurid sauropod Limaysaurus tessonei and novel endocranial information based on CT scans. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 93(Suppl. 2): e20200762 https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202120200762 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.3

MorphoDig 1.6.3  ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphoDig ) fixes a few bugs and improves 3D curve (3D semi-landmarks) export options:

  • Curves are now refreshed after opening a POS file to changle the position of curve nodes and curve handles
  • Non-desired curve segments can now be exported as 0 equidistant landmarks (a minimum of 2 equidistant semi-landmarks per segment was previously required )
  • Possibility to avoid curve milestone duplication when exporting curve segments separated with a milestone to equidistant landmarks
  • Export curves as TPS / Landmarks => save as TPS: the name of the TPS file is now included at the end of the file (pattern: "IMAGE=Filename"). This is useful when you need to concatenate later on several .TPS files to create a single .TPS file containing different specimens (using R for instance).