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June 2022
Volume 08, issue 02
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Original articles in press

A surface scan of the "Tübingen Steinkern", Holotype of Proganochelys quenstedtii (Testudinata), with some historical remarks.
Ingmar Werneburg, Christina Kyriakouli and Tomasz Szczygielski
Published online: 2022-08-08

Keywords: Friedrich August Quenstedt; history of science; Holotype; steinkern; surface scan

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.168

Abstract

Turtles are one of the most impressive vertebrates. Much of the body is either hidden in a shell or can be drawn into it. Turtles impress with their individual longevity and their often peaceful disposition. Also, with their resilience, they have survived all extinction events since their emergence in the Late Triassic. Today's diversity of shapes is impressive and ranges from the large and high domed Galapagos turtles to the hamster-sized flat pancake turtles. The holotype of one of the oldest fossil turtles, Proganochelys quenstedtii, is housed in the paleontological collection in Tübingen/Germany. Since its discovery some years before 1873, P. quenstedtii has represented the 'prototype' of the turtle and has had an eventful scientific history. It was found in Neuenhaus (Häfner-Neuhausen in Schönbuch forest), Baden-Württemberg, Germany, and stems from Löwenstein-Formation (Weißer Keupersandstein), Late Triassic. The current catalogue number is GPIT-PV-30000. The specimen is listed in the historical inventory “Tübinger Petrefaktenverzeichnis 1841 bis 1896, [folio 326v.]“, as “[catalogue number: PV]16549, Schildkröte Weiser Keupersandstein Hafnerhausen” [turtle from White Keuper Sandstone]. Another, more recent synonym is “GPIT/RE/9396”. The same specimen was presented as uncatalogued by Gaffney (1990). Here we provide a surface scan of the steinkern for easier access of this famous specimen to the scientific community.
  

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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The endocranial cast of a 10 ka intentionally deformed human cranium from China
Yin Qiyu, Li Qiang, Ma Ming, Zhang Wei and Ni Xijun
Published online: 2022-07-27

Keywords: endocranial cast; intentional cranial deformation; Northeast China

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.169

Abstract

This contribution contains the 3D model of an endocranial cast analyzed in “A 10 ka intentionally deformed human skull from Northeast Asia”. There are many studies on the morphological characteristics of intentional cranial deformation (ICD), but few related 3D models were published. Here, we present the surface model of an intentionally deformed 10 ka human cranium for further research on ICD practice. The 3D model of the endocranial cast of this ICD cranium was discovered near Harbin City, Province Heilongjiang, Northeast China. The fossil preserved only the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones. To complete the endocast model of the specimen, we printed a 3D model and used modeling clay to reconstruct the missing part based on the general form of the modern human endocast morphology.
  

  Specimens

    Homo sapiens IVPP-PA1616 View specimen

    M3#976_IVPP-PA1616

    The original endocranial cast model (with texture) of IVPP-PA1616. It shows the original structures of the specimen, and was not altered in any way.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.976  




    Download 3D data

    M3#972_IVPP-PA1616

    The frontal region of the endocast is flattened, probably formed by the constant pressure on the frontal bone during growth. There is a well-developed frontal crest on the endocranial surface. The endocast widens posteriorly from the frontal lobe. The widest point of the endocast is at the lateral border of the parietal lobe. The lower parietal areas display a marked lateral expansion. The overall shape of the endocast is asymmetrical, with the left side of the parietal lobe being more laterally expanded than the right side. Like the frontal lobe, the occipital lobe is also anteroposteriorly flattened.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.972  




    Download 3D data


 
  M3 article infos

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Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: Brain endocast of two non-mammaliaform cynodonts from southern Brazil: an ontogenetic and evolutionary approach.
Carolina Hoffmann, Pablo Rodrigues, Marina Soares and Marco Brandalise
Published online: 2022-08-09

Keywords: Brain evolution; Computed Tomography; Cynodontia; Encephalization Quotient; Triassic.

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.172

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model(s) described and figured in the following publication: Carolina A. Hoffmann, P. G. Rodrigues, M. B. Soares & M. B. Andrade. 2021. Brain endocast of two non-mammaliaform cynodonts from southern Brazil: an ontogenetic and evolutionary approach, Historical Biology, 33:8, 1196-1207, https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2019.1685512 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Redescription, taxonomic revaluation, and phylogenetic affinities of Proterochampsa nodosa (Archosauriformes: Proterochampsidae), early Late Triassic of Candelaria Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence)
Daniel de Simão-Oliveira, Felipe Lima Pinheiro, Marco Brandalise de Andrade and Flávio Augusto Pretto
Published online: 2022-07-04

Keywords: Archosauriformes; Late Triassic; osteology; Proterochampsia; taxonomy

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.170

  Abstract

    The present 3D dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype of Proterochampsa nodosa that were built and analysed in “Redescription, taxonomic revaluation, and phylogenetic affinities of Proterochampsa nodosa (Archosauriformes: Proterochampsidae), early Late Triassic of Candelaria Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence)”. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: First records of extinct kentriodontid and squalodelphinid dolphins from the Upper Marine Molasse (Burdigalian age) of Switzerland and a reappraisal of the Swiss cetacean fauna.
Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández, Jürg Jost and Sarah Hilfiker
Published online: 2022-04-19

Keywords: bony labyrinth; Inner ear; Kentriodontidae; Physeteridae; Squalodelphinidae

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.159

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Aguirre-Fernández G, Jost J, and Hilfiker S. 2022. First records of extinct kentriodontid and squalodelphinid dolphins from the Upper Marine Molasse (Burdigalian age) of Switzerland and a reappraisal of the Swiss cetacean fauna. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: A new cynodont from the Upper Triassic Los Colorados Formation (Argentina, South America) reveals a novel paleobiogeographic context for mammalian ancestors
Leandro C. Gaetano, Fernando Abdala, Federico D. Seoane, Aureliano Tartaglione, Michael Schulz, Alejandro Otero, Juan M. Leardi, Cecilia Apaldetti, Veronica Krapovickas and Eugenio Steinbach
Published online: 2022-04-25

Keywords: Cynodontia; Late Triassic; paleobiogeography; phylogeny; Probainognathia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.165

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in Gaetano, L. C., Abdala, F., Seoane, F. D., Tartaglione, A., Schulz, M., Otero, A., Leardi, J. M., Apaldetti, C., Krapovickas, V., and Steinbach, E. 2021. A new cynodont from the Upper Triassic Los Colorados Formation (Argentina, South America) reveals a novel paleobiogeographic context for mammalian ancestors. Scientific Reports. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Description of the first cranium and endocranial structures of Stenoplesictis minor (Mammalia, Carnivora), an early aeluroid from the Oligocene of the Quercy Phosphorites (southwestern France)
Camille Grohé, Jérôme Surault, Axelle Gardin and Louis D. Bonis
Published online: 2022-05-08

Keywords: Aeluroidea; bony labyrinth; brain endocast; stapes; Stenoplesictoid

doi: 10.18563/m3.166

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Bonis, L. de, Grohé, C., Surault, J., Gardin, A. 2022. Description of the first cranium and endocranial structures of Stenoplesictis minor (Mammalia, Carnivora), an early aeluroid from the Oligocene of the Quercy Phosphorites (southwestern France). Historical Biology. https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2022.2045980 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: A new gigantic carnivore (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae) from the late middle Miocene of France
Bastien Mennecart, Jérémy Tissier, Jean-François Lesport, Antoine Heitz and Floréal Solé
Published online: 2022-05-10

Keywords: bear dog; mandible; surface scan; T. cazanavei; Tartarocyon

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.163

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in Solé F., Lesport J.-F., Heitz A., and Mennecart B. minor revision. A new gigantic carnivore (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae) from the late middle Miocene of France. PeerJ.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Hide and seek shark teeth in Random Forests: Machine learning applied to Scyliorhinus canicula
Fidji Berio, Yann Bayle, Sylvie Agret, Daniel Baum, Nicolas Goudemand and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Published online: 2022-05-24

Keywords: geometric morphometrics; machine learning; Scyliorhinus canicula; sharks; tooth morphology

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.164

  Abstract

    The present dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Berio, F., Bayle, Y., Baum, D., Goudemand, N., and Debiais-Thibaud, M. 2022. Hide and seek shark teeth in Random Forests: Machine learning applied to Scyliorhinus canicula. It contains the head surfaces of 56 North Atlantic and Mediterranean small-spotted catsharks Scyliorhinus canicula, from which tooth surfaces were further extracted to perform geometric morphometrics and machine learning. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Skull sutures and cranial mechanics in the Permian reptile Captorhinus aguti and the evolution of the temporal region in early amniotes
 
Pascal Abel, Yannick Pommery, David P. Ford, Daisuke Koyabu and Ingmar Werneburg
Published online: 2022-05-28

Keywords: Captorhinidae; Cranial Osteology; Eureptilia; Reptilia; Sauropsida

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.167

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: Abel P., Pommery Y., Ford D. P., Koyabu D., Werneburg I. 2022. Skull sutures and cranial mechanics in the Permian reptile Captorhinus aguti and the evolution of the temporal region in early amniotes. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.841784
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D model related to the publication: Sperm whales (Physeteroidea) from the Pisco Formation, Peru, and their trophic role as fat-sources for Late Miocene sharks
Aldo Benites-Palomino, Jorge Velez-Juarbe, Ali Altamirano-Sierra, Alberto Collareta, Jorge D. Carrillo-Briceño and Mario Urbina
Published online: 2022-06-29

Keywords: bite marks; cetaceans; predation; sharks; sperm whales

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.171

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Benites-Palomino A., Velez-Juarbe J., Altamirano-Sierra A., Collareta A., Carrillo-Briceño J., and Urbina M. 2022. Sperm whales (Physeteroidea) from the Pisco Formation, Peru, and their Trophic role as fat-sources for Late Miocene sharks.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.5

New features in MorphoDig 1.6.5 ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphoDig ):

  • flag landmarks can now be mirrored (bug correction)
  • display is now correct for screens having more than 1920*1080 pixels
  • volume rendering now works on a larger number of computers
  • VTK 9.1 is now used
  • QT 5.15.2 is used