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June 2021
Volume 07, issue 02
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: An assemblage of giant aquatic snakes (Serpentes, Palaeophiidae) from the Eocene of Togo
Georgios L. Georgalis, Guillaume Guinot, Koffi E. Kassegne, Yawovi Z. Amoudji, Ampah K. Johnson, Henri Cappetta and Lionel Hautier
Keywords: Africa; Eocene; Palaeophis; Serpentes; vertebral anatomy

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.154

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Georgalis, G.L., G. Guinot, K.E. Kassegne, Y.Z. Amoudji, A.K.C. Johnson, H. Cappetta and L. Hautier. 2021. An assemblage of giant aquatic snakes (Serpentes, Palaeophiidae) from the Eocene of Togo. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 140, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13358-021-00236-w 

  Specimens
 
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3D models related to the publication: Endocranium and ecology of Eurotherium theriodis, a European hyaenodont mammal from the Lutetian
Morgane Dubied, Floréal Solé and Bastien Mennecart
Keywords: brain; ecology; Eocene; Hyaenodonta; Phylogeny

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.84

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in the article : Dubied et al. (2021), Endocranium and ecology of Eurotherium theriodis, a European hyaenodont mammal from the Lutetian. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 2021, https://doi.org/10.4202/app.00771.2020 

  Specimens
 
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3D model related to the publication: A Puma concolor (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Middle-Late Holocene landscapes of the Brazilian Northeast (Bahia): submerged cave deposits and stable isotopes
Leonardo S. Lobo, Leandro D. O. Salles and Carlos R. Moraes Neto
Keywords: Caatinga biome; Carnivora; mammal; Photogrammetry

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.156

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model of a skull analyzed in “A Puma concolor (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Middle-Late Holocene landscapes of the Brazilian Northeast (Bahia): submerged cave deposits and stable isotopes”. The 3D model was generated by photogrammetry. 

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3D models related to the publication: The early evolution of cranial appendages in Bovoidea revealed by new species of Amphimoschus (Mammalia: Ruminantia) from China
Yi-Kun Li, Bastien Mennecart, Manuela Aiglstorfer, Xi-Jun Ni, Qiang Li and Tao Deng
Keywords: mandible; Miocene; ruminant; skull

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.151

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype mandible and referred fragmented skull of the new species Amphimoschus xishuiensis analyzed in the article Li, Y.-K., Mennecart, B., Aiglstorfer, M., Ni, X.-J., Li, Q., Deng, T. 2021. The early evolution of cranial appendages in Bovoidea revealed by new species of Amphimoschus (Mammalia: Ruminantia) from China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab053 

  Specimens
 
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3D model related to the publication: The scaly skin of the abelisaurid Carnotaurus sastrei (Theropoda: Ceratosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia
Christophe Hendrickx and Phil Bell
Keywords: Abelisauridae; Integument; non-avian Theropoda; Scales

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.149

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in Hendrickx, C. and Bell, P. R. 2021. The scaly skin of the abelisaurid Carnotaurus sastrei (Theropoda: Ceratosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia. Cretaceous Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2021.104994 

  Specimens

    Carnotaurus sastrei MACN 894 View specimen

    M3#802_MACN 894

    3D reconstruction of the biggest patch of skin (~1200 cm2) from the anterior tail region of the holotype of Carnotaurus, which is the largest single patch of squamous integument available for any saurischian. The skin consists of medium to large (up to 65 mm in diameter) conical feature scales surrounded by a network of low and small (< 14 mm) irregular basement scales separated by narrow interstitial tissue.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.802  




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3D models related to the publication: Wild versus lab house mice: Effects of age, diet, and genetics on molar geometry and topography.
Sabrina Renaud, Caroline Romestaing and Yoland . Savriama
Keywords: dental functional morphology; Geometric morphometrics; hybridization; mastication; occlusal relief

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.141

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of upper molar rows of house mice (Mus musculus domesticus). The erupted part of the right row is presented for specimens belonging to four groups: wild-trapped mice, wild-derived lab offspring, a typical laboratory strain (Swiss) and hybrids between wild-derived and Swiss mice. These models are analyzed in the following publication: Savriama et al 2021: Wild versus lab house mice: Effects of age, diet, and genetics on molar geometry and topography. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13529 

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3D models related to the publication: An unpredicted ancient colonization of the West Indies by North American rodents: dental evidence of a geomorph from the early Oligocene of Puerto Rico
Laurent MARIVAUX, Jorge Vélez-Juarbe and Pierre-Olivier ANTOINE
Keywords: Caribbean islands; Geomorpha; Paleobiogeography; Paleogene; Rodentia

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.128

  Abstract

    This contribution provides the raw files for the μCT-scan data and renderings of the three-dimensional digital models of two fossil teeth of a geomyin geomorph rodent (Caribeomys merzeraudi), discovered from lower Oligocene deposits of Puerto Rico, San Sebastian Formation (locality LACM Loc. 8060). These fossils were described, figured and discussed in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2021), An unpredicted ancient colonization of the West Indies by North American rodents: dental evidence of a geomorph from the early Oligocene of Puerto Rico. Papers in Palaeontology. https://doi.org/10.1002/spp2.1388 

  Specimens

    Caribeomys merzeraudi LACM 162478 View specimen

    M3#712_LACM 162478

    Right lower dp4: isolated deciduous premolar. The specimen was scanned with a resolution of 5 µm using a μ-CT-scanning station EasyTom 150 / Rx Solutions (Montpellier RIO Imaging, ISE-M, Montpellier, France). AVIZO 7.1 (Visualization Sciences Group) software was used for visualization, segmentation, and 3D rendering. This isolated tooth was prepared within a “labelfield” module of AVIZO, using the segmentation threshold selection tool.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.712  




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    M3#714_LACM 162478

    5µm µCT data set . Right lower dp4: isolated deciduous premolar. The specimen was scanned with a resolution of 5 µm using a μ-CT-scanning station EasyTom 150 / Rx Solutions (Montpellier RIO Imaging, ISE-M, Montpellier, France).

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.714  




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    Caribeomys merzeraudi LACM 162449 View specimen

    M3#713_LACM 162449

    Right lower molar (m1 or m2). The specimen was scanned with a resolution of 4.5 µm using a μ-CT-scanning station EasyTom 150 / Rx Solutions (Montpellier RIO Imaging, ISE-M, Montpellier, France). AVIZO 7.1 (Visualization Sciences Group) software was used for visualization, segmentation, and 3D rendering. This isolated tooth was prepared within a “labelfield” module of AVIZO, using the segmentation threshold selection tool.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.713  




    Download 3D data

    M3#715_LACM 162449

    µCT data at 4.5µm

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.715  




    Download CT data


 
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3D models related to the publication: On the “cartilaginous rider” in the endocasts of turtle brain cavities
Ingmar Werneburg, Serjoscha W. Evers and Gabriel S. Ferreira
Keywords: braincase; Cryptodira; Pleurodira; skull endocasts; Testudinata

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.146

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains 26 3D models analyzed in the study: On the “cartilaginous rider” in the endocasts of turtle brain cavities, published by the authors in the journal Vertebrate Zoology. 

  Specimens
 
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3D model related to the publication: A fossil terrestrial fauna from Tobène (Senegal) provides a unique early Pliocene window in western Africa
Fabrice Lihoreau, Raphaël Sarr, Dominique Chardon, Jean-Renaud Boisserie, Renaud Lebrun, Sylvain Adnet, Jérémy E. Martin, Bernard Sambou, Rodolphe Tabuce, Moustapha Thiam and Lionel Hautier
Keywords: Carnivora; Femur; Lutrinae; Pliocene; Senegal

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.102

  Abstract

    The present contribution contains the 3D virtual restoration of a Pliocene Lutrine right femur of Tobène, Senegal, described and figured in Lihoreau et al. (2021) : "A fossil terrestrial fauna from Tobène (Senegal) provides a unique early Pliocene window in Western Africa ". https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2021.06.013 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: Patterns of bilateral asymmetry and allometry in Late Devonian Polygnathus conodonts
Catherine Girard, Anne-Lise Charruault, Ronan Ledevin and Sabrina Renaud
Keywords: Conodonts; Late Devonian; Polygnathus communis; Polygnathus glaber

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.126

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the set of Famennian conodont elements belonging to the species Polygnathus glaber and Polygnathus communis analyzed in the following publication: Renaud et al. 2021: Patterns of bilateral asymmetry and allometry in Late Devonian Polygnathus. Palaeontology. https://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12513 

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3D models related to the publication: The endocranial cast of Indohyus (Artiodactyla, Raoellidae): the origin of the cetacean brain
 
Maëva Orliac and J. G. M. Thewissen
Keywords: brain; Cetacea; CT scan; Endocast; Eocene

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.137

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the endocranial cast of two specimens of Indohyus indirae described in the article entitled “The endocranial cast of Indohyus (Artiodactyla, Raoellidae): the origin of the cetacean brain” (Orliac and Thewissen, 2021). They represent the cast of the main cavity of the braincase as well as associated intraosseous sinuses.
      

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3D models related to the publication: First partial cranium of Togocetus from Kpogamé (Togo) and the protocetid diversity in the Togolese phosphate basin.
Koffi E. Kassegne, Mickaël Mourlam, Guillaume Guinot, Yawovi Z. Amoudji, Jérémy E. Martin, Kodjo A. Togbe, Ampah K. Johnson and Lionel Hautier
Keywords: Comparative anatomy; Middle Eocene; Paleoenvironment; Phylogeny; Protocetidae

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.143

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Kassegne K. E., Mourlam M. J., Guinot G., Amoudji Y. Z., Martin J. E., Togbe K. A., Johnson A. K., Hautier L. 2021. First partial cranium of Togocetus from Kpogamé (Togo) and the protocetid diversity in the Togolese phosphate basin. Annales de Paléontologie, Issue 2, April–June 2021, 102488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annpal.2021.102488  

  Specimens

    Togocetus cf. traversei ULDG-KPO1 View specimen

    M3#770_ULDG-KPO1

    µCT . Resolution: 0.3156mm. This scan can easily be opened with Fiji, MorphoDig, 3DSlicer, or any software that reads .MHD file format. Also, the .RAW file can be opened easily with other software such as Avizo/Amira when providing the correct dimensions (which are enclosed within the file name)

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.770  




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    M3#768_ULDG-KPO1

    The specimen consists of a partial cranium prepared out of a calcareous phosphate matrix. The partial cranium lacks the anterior part of the rostrum, the cranial roof, and most of the basicranium apart from the left zygomatic process of the squamosal. The maxilla, nasal, palatine, pterygoid, alisphenoid, and squamosal bones are preserved, as well as two incomplete dental rows described hereafter.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.768  




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3D model related to the publication: Presence of the ground sloth Valgipes bucklandi (Xenarthra, Folivora, Scelidotheriinae) in southern Uruguay during the Late Pleistocene: Ecological and biogeographical implications
Luciano Varela, Carolina Lobato and P. S. Tambusso
Keywords: Ground sloth; Mylodontidae; Quaternary; Scelidotheriinae; South America

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.147

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in Presence of the ground sloth Valgipes bucklandi (Xenarthra, Folivora, Scelidotheriinae) in southern Uruguay during the Late Pleistocene: Ecological and biogeographical implications. Quaternary International. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2021.06.011 

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MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.4

MorphoDig 1.6.4  ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphoDig ) fixes a few minor bugs relative with landmark and semi-landmark digitization