Volume 03, Issue 02
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MorphoMuseuM Volume 03, Issue 02
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Original article : anatomy atlas

3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia).
Daisuke Koyabu
Published online: 03/05/2017

Keywords: aquatic adaptation; convergence; Eulipotyphla; fossorial adaptation; hearing

Cite this article: Daisuke Koyabu, 2017. 3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia). MorphoMuseuM 3 (2)-e3. doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e3

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Considerable morphological variations are found in the middle ear among mammals. Here I present a three-dimensional atlas of the middle ear ossicles of eulipotyphlan mammals. This group has radiated into various environments as terrestrial, aquatic, and subterranean habitats independently in multiple lineages. Therefore, eulipotyphlans are an ideal group to explore the form-function relationship of the middle ear ossicles. This comparative atlas of hedgehogs, true shrews, water shrews, mole shrews, true moles, and shrew moles encourages future studies of the middle ear morphology of this diverse group.

Specimens and 3D Data

Erinaceus europaeus DK2331 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.151   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Anourosorex yamashinai SIK_yamashinai View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.152   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Blarina brevicauda M8003 View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.153   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Chimarrogale platycephala DK5481 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.162   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Suncus murinus DK1227 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.155   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Condylura cristata SIK0050 View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.156   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Euroscaptor klossi SIK0673 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.163   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Euroscaptor malayana SIK_malayana View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.164   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Mogera wogura DK2551 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.159   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Talpa altaica SIK_altaica View specimen


Right middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.161   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Urotrichus talpoides DK0887 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.165   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Oreoscaptor mizura DK6545 View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.166   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Scalopus aquaticus SIK_aquaticus View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.167   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Scapanus orarius SIK_orarius View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.168   state:published

Download 3D surface file

Neurotrichus gibbsii SIK_gibbsii View specimen


Left middle ear ossicles

Type: "3D_surfaces"

doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.169   state:published

Download 3D surface file


Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)


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