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October 2022
Volume 08, issue 03
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ISSN: 2274-0422
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Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.


Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: Ontogenetic variability of the intertympanic sinus distinguishes lineages within Crocodylia
Gwendal . Perrichon, Lionel Hautier, Yohan Pochat-Cottilloux, Irena Raselli, Céline Salaviale, Benjamin Dailh, Nicolas Rinder, Vincent Fernandez, Jérôme . Adrien, Joël Lachambre and Jérémy E. Martin
Published online: 2023-01-30

Keywords: Crocodylia; Ontogeny; sinus

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.173

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: Perrichon et al. 2023. Ontogenetic variability of the intertympanic sinus distinguishes lineages within Crocodylia.
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: Evidence for high-performance suction feeding in the Pennsylvanian stem-group holocephalan Iniopera.
Richard Dearden, Anthony Herrel and Alan Pradel
Published online: 2023-01-18

Keywords: chondrichthyan; holocephalan; iniopterygian; Pennsylvanian; suction feeding

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.177

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains 3D models of the cranial, visceral, and pectoral endoskeleton of Iniopera, an iniopterygian stem-group holocephalan from the Pennsylvanian of the USA. These data formed the basis for the analyses carried out in Dearden et al. (2023) “Evidence for high-performance suction feeding in the Pennsylvanian stem-group holocephalan Iniopera” PNAS. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

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3D models associated to: Paleoneurology of Artiodactyla, an overview of the evolution of the artiodactyl brain
 
Maëva Orliac
Published online: 2022-12-15

Keywords: artiodactyl; brain; cerebrum; Endocast; neopallium

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.180

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models illustrated and described in the chapter “Paleoneurology of Artiodactyla, an overview of the evolution of the artiodactyl brain” (Orliac et al. 2022) published in "Paleoneurology of amniotes: new directions in the study of fossil endocasts", edited by Dozo, Paulina-Carabajal, Macrini and Walsh.
      

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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3D models related to the publication: New Loricata remains from the Pinheiros-Chiniquá Sequence (Middle-Upper Triassic), southern Brazil.
Letícia, D. O. Rezende, Atila A. Stock Da-Rosa, Marcel, B. Lacerda and Flávio A. Pretto
Published online: 2022-11-05

Keywords: Dinodontosaurus AZ; Loricata; Middle Triassic; Prestosuchus

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.181

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of an ilium, a vertebra, and a partial scapula of Prestosuchus sp. that were analyzed in “New Loricata remains from the Pinheiros-Chiniquá Sequence (Middle-Upper Triassic), southern Brazil”. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF

Current Issue

  Type specimen
A surface scan of the "Tübingen Steinkern", Holotype of Proganochelys quenstedtii (Testudinata), with some historical remarks.
Ingmar Werneburg, Christina Kyriakouli and Tomasz Szczygielski
Published online: 2022-08-08

Keywords: Friedrich August Quenstedt; history of science; Holotype; steinkern; surface scan

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.168

  Abstract

    Turtles are one of the most impressive vertebrates. Much of the body is either hidden in a shell or can be drawn into it. Turtles impress with their individual longevity and their often peaceful disposition. Also, with their resilience, they have survived all extinction events since their emergence in the Late Triassic. Today's diversity of shapes is impressive and ranges from the large and high domed Galapagos turtles to the hamster-sized flat pancake turtles. The holotype of one of the oldest fossil turtles, Proganochelys quenstedtii, is housed in the paleontological collection in Tübingen/Germany. Since its discovery some years before 1873, P. quenstedtii has represented the 'prototype' of the turtle and has had an eventful scientific history. It was found in Neuenhaus (Häfner-Neuhausen in Schönbuch forest), Baden-Württemberg, Germany, and stems from Löwenstein-Formation (Weißer Keupersandstein), Late Triassic. The current catalogue number is GPIT-PV-30000. The specimen is listed in the historical inventory “Tübinger Petrefaktenverzeichnis 1841 bis 1896, [folio 326v.]“, as “[catalogue number: PV]16549, Schildkröte Weiser Keupersandstein Hafnerhausen” [turtle from White Keuper Sandstone]. Another, more recent synonym is “GPIT/RE/9396”. The same specimen was presented as uncatalogued by Gaffney (1990). Here we provide a surface scan of the steinkern for easier access of this famous specimen to the scientific community.
      

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

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  Miscellaneous
The endocranial cast of a 10 ka intentionally deformed human cranium from China
Yin Qiyu, Li Qiang, Ma Ming, Zhang Wei and Ni Xijun
Published online: 2022-07-27

Keywords: endocranial cast; intentional cranial deformation; Northeast China

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.169

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model of an endocranial cast analyzed in “A 10 ka intentionally deformed human skull from Northeast Asia”. There are many studies on the morphological characteristics of intentional cranial deformation (ICD), but few related 3D models were published. Here, we present the surface model of an intentionally deformed 10 ka human cranium for further research on ICD practice. The 3D model of the endocranial cast of this ICD cranium was discovered near Harbin City, Province Heilongjiang, Northeast China. The fossil preserved only the frontal, parietal, and occipital bones. To complete the endocast model of the specimen, we printed a 3D model and used modeling clay to reconstruct the missing part based on the general form of the modern human endocast morphology.
      

  Specimens

    Homo sapiens IVPP-PA1616 View specimen

    M3#976_IVPP-PA1616

    The original endocranial cast model (with texture) of IVPP-PA1616. It shows the original structures of the specimen, and was not altered in any way.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.976  




    Download 3D data

    M3#972_IVPP-PA1616

    The frontal region of the endocast is flattened, probably formed by the constant pressure on the frontal bone during growth. There is a well-developed frontal crest on the endocranial surface. The endocast widens posteriorly from the frontal lobe. The widest point of the endocast is at the lateral border of the parietal lobe. The lower parietal areas display a marked lateral expansion. The overall shape of the endocast is asymmetrical, with the left side of the parietal lobe being more laterally expanded than the right side. Like the frontal lobe, the occipital lobe is also anteroposteriorly flattened.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.972  




    Download 3D data


 
  M3 article infos

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  3D datasets
3D models related to the publication: Brain endocast of two non-mammaliaform cynodonts from southern Brazil: an ontogenetic and evolutionary approach.
Carolina Hoffmann, Pablo Rodrigues, Marina Soares and Marco Brandalise
Published online: 2022-08-09

Keywords: Brain evolution; Computed Tomography; Cynodontia; Encephalization Quotient; Triassic.

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.172

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model(s) described and figured in the following publication: Carolina A. Hoffmann, P. G. Rodrigues, M. B. Soares & M. B. Andrade. 2021. Brain endocast of two non-mammaliaform cynodonts from southern Brazil: an ontogenetic and evolutionary approach, Historical Biology, 33:8, 1196-1207, https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2019.1685512 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Redescription, taxonomic revaluation, and phylogenetic affinities of Proterochampsa nodosa (Archosauriformes: Proterochampsidae), early Late Triassic of Candelaria Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence)
Daniel de Simão-Oliveira, Felipe Lima Pinheiro, Marco Brandalise de Andrade and Flávio Augusto Pretto
Published online: 2022-07-04

Keywords: Archosauriformes; Late Triassic; osteology; Proterochampsia; taxonomy

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.170

  Abstract

    The present 3D dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype of Proterochampsa nodosa that were built and analysed in “Redescription, taxonomic revaluation, and phylogenetic affinities of Proterochampsa nodosa (Archosauriformes: Proterochampsidae), early Late Triassic of Candelaria Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence)”. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF

MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.7

New feature in MorphoDig 1.6.7 ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphoDig ):

  • Scalar values (median, mean etc.) can now be extracted along an axis of interest (for instance to extract thickness profiles along a relevant axis)