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MicroCT survey of larval skeletal mineralization in the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus (Actinopterygii; Lepisosteiformes)
Raphaël Scherrer, Andrés Hurtado, Erik Garcia Machado and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Actinopterygii; development; Lepisosteiformes; mineralization; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e3

  Abstract

    Using X-ray microtomography, we describe the ossification events during the larval development of a non-teleost actinopterygian species: the Cuban gar Atractosteus tristoechus from the order Lepisosteiformes. We provide a detailed developmental series for each anatomical structure, covering a large sequence of mineralization events going from an early stage (13 days post-hatching, 21mm total length) to an almost fully ossified larval stage (118dph or 87mm in standard length). With this work, we expect to bring new developmental data to be used in further comparative studies with other lineages of bony vertebrates. We also hope that the on-line publication of these twelve successive 3D reconstructions, fully labelled and flagged, will be an educational tool for all students in comparative anatomy. 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 03 (2017)

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Skeletogenesis during the late embryonic development of the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula (Chondrichthyes; Neoselachii)
Sébastien Enault, Sylvain Adnet and Mélanie Debiais-Thibaud
Keywords: Chondrichthyes; development; mineralization; Scyliorhinus canicula; skeleton

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.4.e2

  Abstract

    Current knowledge on the skeletogenesis of Chondrichthyes is scarce compared with their extant sister group, the bony fishes. Most of the previously described developmental tables in Chondrichthyes have focused on embryonic external morphology only. Due to its small body size and relative simplicity to raise eggs in laboratory conditions, the small-spotted catshark Scyliorhinus canicula has emerged as a reference species to describe developmental mechanisms in the Chondrichthyes lineage. Here we investigate the dynamic of mineralization in a set of six embryonic specimens using X-ray microtomography and describe the developing units of both the dermal skeleton (teeth and dermal scales) and endoskeleton (vertebral axis). This preliminary data on skeletogenesis in the catshark sets the first bases to a more complete investigation of the skeletal developmental in Chondrichthyes. It should provide comparison points with data known in osteichthyans and could thus be used in the broader context of gnathostome skeletal evolution. 

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 04 (2016)

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3D models related to the publication: Upper third molar internal structural organization and semicircular canal morphology in Plio-Pleistocene South African cercopithecoids.
Amélie Beaudet, Guillaume Fleury, Emmanuel Gilissen, Jean Dumoncel, John F. Thackeray, Laurent Bruxelles, Benjamin Duployer, Christophe Tenailleau, Lunga Bam, Jakobus Hoffman, Frikke De Beer and José Braga
Keywords: bony labyrinth; cercopithecoids; enamel-dentine junction; upper third molars

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.86

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the enamel-dentine junctions of upper third molars and of the bony labyrinths of the extant cercopithecoid specimens analyzed in the following publication: Beaudet, A., Dumoncel, J., Thackeray, J.F., Bruxelles, L., Duployer, B., Tenailleau, C., Bam, L., Hoffman, J., de Beer, F., Braga, J.: Upper third molar internal structural organization and semicircular canal morphology in Plio-Pleistocene South African cercopithecoids. Journal of Human Evolution 95, 104-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.04.004 

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3D models of three wolf pup skulls related to the publication: Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication
 
Dominic Gascho, Sabrina Beutler, Cornelia Mainini and Madeleine Geiger
Keywords: Canidae; Canis lupus; Carnivora

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e6

  Abstract

    This contribution comprises the 3D models of three wolf pup skulls, which were used for the publication by Geiger et al. 2017 on Neomorphosis and heterochrony of skull shape in dog domestication. 

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D fossil reconstruction related to the publication: Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi from Tenerife, Canary Islands.
Jacques Michaux, Lionel Hautier, Rainer Hutterer, Renaud Lebrun, Franck Guy and Francisco García-Talavera
Keywords: Canariomys; Canary Islands; Fossil reconstruction; Insularity; Rodentia

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e3

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494. DOI: 10.1016/j.crpv.2012.06.004
      

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    Canariomys bravoi TFMCV872-873 View specimen

    M3#6_TFMCV872-873

    This file contains the 3D reconstruction of Canariomys bravoi, described and figured in the following publication: Michaux J., Hautier L., Hutterer R., Lebrun R., Guy F., García-Talavera F., 2012 : Body shape and life style of the extinct rodent Canariomys bravoi (Mammalia, Murinae) from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Comptes Rendus Palevol 11 (7), 485-494.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf6  




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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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Osteological connexions of the petrosal bone of the extant Hippopotamidae Hippopotamus amphibius and Choeropsis liberiensis
Maëva Orliac, Franck Guy and Renaud Lebrun
Keywords: Artiodactyla; bulla; ear region; pygmy hippo; sinus

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.1.e1

  Abstract

    This project presents the osteological connexions of the petrosal bone of the extant Hippopotamidae Hippopotamus amphibius and Choeropsis liberiensis by a virtual osteological dissection of the ear region. The petrosal, the bulla, the sinuses and the major morphological features surrounding the petrosal bone are labelled, both in situ and in an exploded model presenting disassembly views. The directional underwater hearing mode of Hippopotamidae is discussed based on the new observations. 

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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 01 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Morphological and functional changes in the vertebral column with increasing aquatic adaptation in crocodylomorphs
Julia Molnar, Stephanie Pierce, Bhart-Anjan Bhullar, Alan Turner and John Hutchinson
Keywords: archosaur; axial skeleton; vertebrae

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e5

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Molnar, JL, Pierce, SE, Bhullar, B-A, Turner, AH, Hutchinson, JR (accepted). Morphological and functional changes in the crocodylomorph vertebral column with increasing aquatic adaptation. Royal Society Open Science. 

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models of fossils of Dinomyidae rodents (Rodentia: Caviomorpha) from the Miocene and Quaternary of Brazil
Leonardo Kerber, David Dias da Silva and Francisco R. Negri
Keywords: Micro CT-SCan; morphology; Potamarchinae; Serra da Capivara; Solimões Formation

doi: 10.18563/journal.m3.95

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of extinct rodents Dinomyidae from Miocene and Quaternary of Brazil. The Miocene specimens that were digitalized include the holotypes of Potamarchus adamiae, Pseudopotamarchus villanuevai, and Ferigolomys pacarana collected in the Solimões Formation (Upper Miocene), northern Brazil. The Quaternary specimens are the holotype and paratype of Niedemys piauiensis, found in Upper Pleistocene deposits from northeast Brazil. 

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Published in Volume 05, issue 03 (2019)

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The petrosal bone of Prodremotherium sp. (Artiodactyla, Ruminantia).
Alexandre Assemat and Nicolas Brualla
Keywords: Late Oligocene; MP 26; MP 28; periotic bone; ruminant

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.2.e1

  Abstract

    This project presents the 3D models of two isolated petrosals from the Oligocene locality of Pech de Fraysse (Quercy, France) here attributed to the genus Prodremotherium Filhol, 1877. Our aim is to describe the petrosal morphology of this Oligocene “early ruminant” as only few data are available in the literature for Oligocene taxa. 

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Published in Vol. 01, Issue 02 (2015)

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3D cranium models of fossils of large canids (Canis lupus) from Goyet, Trou des Nutons and Trou Balleux, Belgium
Allowen Evin, Emmanuel Gilissen and Mietje Germonpré
Keywords: Archaeozoology; Dog; Domestication; Pleistocene; Wolf

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e2

  Abstract

    Archaeozoological studies are increasingly using new methods and approaches to explore questions about domestication. Here, we provide 3D models of three archaeological Canis lupus skulls from Belgium originating from the sites of Goyet (31,680±250BP; 31,890+240/-220BP), Trou des Nutons (21,810±90BP) and Trou Balleux (postglacial). Since their identification as either wolves or early dogs is still debated, we present these models as additional tools for further investigating their evolutionary history and the history of dog domestication. 

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    Canis lupus Goyet 2860 View specimen

    M3#21_Goyet 2860

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Goyet 2860" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf21  




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    Canis lupus Trou Balleux no-nr View specimen

    M3#22_Trou Balleux no-nr

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou Balleux no-nr" from the University of Liège, Belgium

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf22  




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    Canis lupus Trou des Nutons 2559-1 View specimen

    M3#23_Trou des Nutons 2559-1

    3D surface model of the cranium of the Late Pleistocene Canis lupus "Trou des Nutons 2559-1" from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf23  




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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D models related to the publication: Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe
Manuela Aiglstorfer, Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart and Elmar P. Heizmann
Keywords: inner ear; Miocene; Moschidae; petrosal; skull

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.4.e4

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the holotype (NMB Sth. 833) of the new species Micromeryx? eiselei analysed in the article Aiglstorfer, M., Costeur, L., Mennecart, B., Heizmann, E.P.J.. 2017. Micromeryx? eiselei - a new moschid species from Steinheim am Albuch, Germany, and the first comprehensive description of moschid cranial material from the Miocene of Central Europe. PlosOne https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185679 

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    Micromeryx? eiselei NMB Sth. 833 View specimen

    M3#284_NMB Sth. 833

    The 3 D surfaces comprises the skull, petrosal, and bony labyrinth of NMB Sth.833, the holotype of Micromeryx? eiselei

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.284  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 04 (2017)

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3D model related to the publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria)
Rodolphe Tabuce
Keywords: Herodotiinae; Macroscelidea; Maxilla

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model of the holotype of Chambius kasserinensis, the basalmost ‘elephant-shrew’ figured in the following publication: New remains of Chambius kasserinensis from the Eocene of Tunisia and evaluation of proposed affinities for Macroscelidea (Mammalia, Afrotheria). https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1297433 

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    Chambius kasserinensis CBI-1-06 View specimen

    M3#146_CBI-1-06

    3D model of the holotype maxilla of Chambius kasserinensis. The 3D surface was extracted manually from the limestone matrix within AVIZO 9.2

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.146  




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Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D model and accompanying dataset related to the publication: A new, exceptionally preserved juvenile specimen of Eusaurosphargis dalsassoi (Diapsida) and implications for Mesozoic marine diapsid phylogeny
Torsten M. Scheyer, James, M. Neenan, Timea Bodogan, Heinz Furrer, Christian Obrist and Mathieu Plamondon
Keywords: Ladinian; marine reptiles; osteology; postcranium; Prosanto Formation; Switzerland

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.3.e2

  Abstract

    The present contribution contains the 3D model and dataset analyzed in the following publication: Scheyer, T. M., J. M. Neenan, T. Bodogan, H. Furrer, C. Obrist, and M. Plamondon. 2017. A new, exceptionally preserved juvenile specimen of Eusaurosphargis dalsassoi (Diapsida) and implications for Mesozoic marine diapsid phylogeny. Scientific Reports, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04514-x

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 03 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region.
Bastien Mennecart and Loïc Costeur
Keywords: inner ear; Miocene; phylogeny; ruminant

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.1.e2

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the article Mennecart, B., and L. Costeur. 2016. A Dorcatherium (Mammalia, Ruminantia, Middle Miocene) petrosal bone and the tragulid ear region. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(6), 1211665(1)-1211665(7). DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2016.1211665

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 01 (2016)

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3D models related to the publication: Prenatal growth stages show the development of the ruminant bony labyrinth and petrosal bone.
Loïc Costeur and Bastien Mennecart
Keywords: bony labyrinth; foetus; ossification timing; phylogeny; Ruminantia

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e3

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Costeur L., Mennecart B., Müller B., Schulz G., 2016. Prenatal growth stages show the development of the ruminant bony labyrinth and petrosal bone. Journal of Anatomy. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12549 

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Infrasonic and ultrasonic hearing evolved after the emergence of modern whales
Maëva Orliac and Mickaël Mourlam
Keywords: archaeocete; Artiodactyla; bony labyrinth; cochlea; Lutetian

doi: 10.18563/m3.3.2.e4

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models of the bony labyrinths of two protocetid archaeocetes from the locality of Kpogamé, Togo, described and figured in the publication of Mourlam and Orliac (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.061  

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Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D model related to the publication: A pangolin (Manidae, Pholidota, Mammalia) from the French Quercy phosphorites (Pech du Fraysse, Saint-Projet, Tarn-et-Garonne, late Oligocene, MP 28)
Jean-Yves Crochet, Lionel Hautier and Thomas Lehmann
Keywords: Oligocene; Pangolin; Pech du Fraysse; Quercy Phosphorites

doi: 10.18563/m3.1.3.e1

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Crochet, J.-Y., Hautier, L., Lehmann, T., 2015. A pangolin (Manidae, Pholidota, Mammalia) from the French Quercy phosphorites (Pech du Fraysse, Saint-Projet, Tarn-et-Garonne, late Oligocene, MP 28). Palaeovertebrata 39(2)-e4. doi: 10.18563/pv.39.2.e4  

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Published in Volume 01, Issue 03 (2015)

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3D data and models related to the publication: An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation.
Anna-Katharina Mautner , Ashley E. Latimer, Uwe Fritz and Torsten M. Scheyer
Keywords: brain endocast; chelonian shell; micro computed tomography; morphology; variability

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e4

  Abstract

    The present publication contains the µCT dataset and the 3D models analyzed in the following publication: Mautner, A.-K., A. E. Latimer, U. Fritz, and T. M. Scheyer. An updated description of the osteology of the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) with special focus on intraspecific variation. Journal of Morphology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20640 

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    Malacochersus tornieri ZM 100.102 View specimen

    M3#129_ZM 100.102

    Virtual brain and inner ear endocast of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102; Zoological Museum of The University of Zurich). This virtual model is accompanied by the 3D dataset. Blue, endocranium; red, blood vessels; purple, semicircular canals; yellow, cranial nerves.

    Type: "3D_surfaces"

    3D view: doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.129  




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    M3#130_ZM 100.102

    3D dataset of skull of Malacochersus tornieri (ZM 100.102)

    Type: "3D_CT"

    doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.130  




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Published in Volume 02, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D model related to the publication: An enigmatic aquatic snake from the Cenomanian of northern South America
Adriana Albino, Jorge Carrillo-Briceño and James, M. Neenan
Keywords: aquatic; Cretaceous; Snake; South America; vertebrae

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.2.e2

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D model described and figured in the following publication: Albino, A., Carrillo-Briceño, J. D. & Neenan, J. M. 2016. An enigmatic aquatic snake from the Cenomanian of northern South America. PeerJ 4:e2027 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2027 

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 02 (2017)

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3D models related to the publication: Internal tooth structure and burial practices: insights into the Neolithic necropolis of Gurgy (France, 5100-4000 cal. BC).
Mona Le Luyer, Michael Coquerelle, Stéphane Rottier and Priscilla Bayle
Keywords: modern humans; Neolithic; upper permanent second molars

doi: 10.18563/m3.2.1.e1

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of external and internal aspects of human upper permanent second molars from the Neolithic necropolis analyzed in the following publication: Le Luyer M., Coquerelle M., Rottier S., Bayle P. (2016): Internal tooth structure and burial practices: insights into the Neolithic necropolis of Gurgy (France, 5100-4000 cal. BC). Plos One 11(7): e0159688. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159688

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Published in Volume 02, Issue 01 (2016)

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